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date: 22 April 2021

Scapigliati, Glilocked

  • Paul Nicholls


Italian literary and artistic movement active in Milan between c. 1860 and c. 1870. Its name was taken from the novel Scapigliatura (1862) by Cletto Arrighi (pseudonym of Carlo Righetti), which used the term scapigliato to describe young people of a restless, independent spirit, though not, in the novel, artists, and the word gained currency in literary and artistic circles. The artists associated with the movement included Tranquillo Cremona, Daniele Ranzoni and Giuseppe Grandi. The term scapigliatura has been extended to describe a painting technique of longer duration than the 1860s, from such forerunners as Giovanni Carnovali and Federico Faruffini to younger artists frequenting the same milieu centred round the Milanese taverns, such as Filippo Carcano, Eugenio Gignous and Luigi Conconi: it has also been applied to the sculpture of Paolo Troubetskoy and Medardo Rosso. Gli Scapigliati aimed both in their art and in their general behaviour to defy the complacent conformity of the rising bourgeois class, to whom they preferred the intellectual élite. Their painting was characterized by an atmospheric fusion of figure and background, emphasized by softened contours, open brushwork, impasto and interwoven colours (for illustration ...

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