- David Watkin
- and Chris Brooks
English family of Dutch origin.
(b Amsterdam, Aug 30, 1769; d London, Feb 2, 1831).
Patron, collector, connoisseur, designer and writer. He was the son of John Hope (1737–84), a Dutch merchant of Scottish extraction, and used the fortune he acquired from the family bank, Hope & Co., to influence taste in Regency England, much as the 3rd Earl of Burlington had tried to create a new style of classical purity nearly a century earlier. Hope was influenced as a collector by his father, for whom Piranesi had executed an important chimney-piece (Amsterdam, Rijksmus.). A more significant influence was his second cousin, Henry Hope (1735–1811), who built the great mansion of Welgelegen (1785–8), near Haarlem, to house his magnificent picture collection. The most remarkable feature of Hope’s early life was his extended Grand Tour from 1787 to 1795, when he travelled throughout Europe and in the Near East studying art and architecture. He revisited Greece in ...