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date: 22 April 2021

Borromini [Castelli], Francesco locked

(b Bissone, nr Lugano, Sept 25, 1599; d Rome, Aug 2, 1667).
  • Peter Stein
  •  and Lin Barton


(b Bissone, nr Lugano, Sept 25, 1599; d Rome, Aug 2, 1667).

Italian architect. His name, with that of his contemporary and rival Gianlorenzo Bernini (see Bernini family, §2), is synonymous with the main phase of Roman High Baroque architecture between c1630 and 1665. Their working methods and perception of art were regarded as incompatible by their contemporaries, but later their work was synthesized to form the basis of late Baroque architecture in Rome and the Catholic areas of Central Europe (Austria, Bavaria, Bohemia, and Silesia). In western Europe, on the other hand, a classical Baroque style evolved, and Borromini’s style was rejected as odd and contrary to the rules.

Like most artists of the Baroque period who made their mark in Rome, Borromini was not a native Roman, but his career was confined to the city and its neighbourhood. While he was still a child he started a mason’s apprenticeship at the cathedral workshop in Milan and moved to Rome in ...

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