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date: 28 June 2022

Guardi, Francescofree

Guardi, Francescofree

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1712, in Venice; died 1793, in Venice.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, decorative designer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, seascapes.

Francesco GUARDI: signature or monogram

In the 18th century the Republic of Venice was in decline. The Venetian painters, such as Domenico (the son of Tintoretto), Palma the Younger, Mattoni delle Vecchie and Giovanni Antonio Fumiani, were repeating the motifs of their predecessors. However, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Francesco Guardi were developing their own styles. Tiepolo was an ethereal Gothic decorator, the last of the great fresco artists. Guardi became the representative of a new sensitivity. His paintings bear witness to a new bourgeois spirit. Guardi was a contemporary of Goldoni, the theatre writer, whose aim was to adapt the Comedia dell'Arte to give a comic illustration of the morals of the new society.

Francesco Guardi belonged to a family of painters. His father Domenico, his brothers Giovanni Antonio (Gianantonio) and Niccolo, and his son Giacomo were all painters. His sister Cecilia was the wife of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and the mother of Gian Domenico Tiepolo. He worked in the workshop with his father and elder brother Giovanni Antonio. His father had trained under Sebastiano Ricci, whose example was important in the development of Guardi's style. It was through him that Guardi adopted a sharp angular touch, a technique which probably derived from Magnasco the Genoese.

During the first half of his life, Guardi was a painter of decorations and church paintings. These were modest works and often inspired by models already in existence, and aimed at small oratories or provincial churches. These give an idea of his original technical skill. In his early works Guardi was simply an imitator. The Parlour of the Nuns and the Ridotto (games room) of the Museo Correr in Venice are directly inspired by Pietro Longhi. As a decorative artist Guardi repeated the same view of the Rialto, S Maria de la Salute and St Mark's Square dozens of times, and each time the painting would be different. Guardi's attempts to imitate Canaletto's style are visible in his vision and technique.

For Guardi the spectacle of Venice surpassed any possible imagination. Nevertheless, the largest part of his work would only have qualified him as one of the vedutisti or continuers of Canaletto. Also, having observed Magnasco's technique, he was then able to adopt this practice of the 'nervous touch', which catches the rays of light or their reflections on the water, and the random attitudes of busy figures and flamboyant architectural reliefs.

Guardi came into his own as a vedutista only after 1750. This turn in his career is often linked to the death of his brother Gianantonio Guardi. Francesco Guardi's earlier works are generally considered inferior to Gianantonio's work in draughtsmanship and in the modelling of the figures. As a painter of vedute Guardi used other artists' compositions such as the etchings of Michele Giovanni Marieschi and Canaletto. It is possible that Guardi was a student in Canaletto's studio after the latter had returned from London in 1756. By then Guardi was in his 40s. Guardi is reported to have exhibited two views of Venice in St Mark's Square in April 1764, both clearly influenced by Canaletto.

Guardi produced some of his best work, the adaptations of Canaletto's series of Venetian Celebrations, between 1770 and 1780. This part of his career saw a gradual change to looser and freer brushwork and lighter colours.

Museum and Gallery Holdings

Ajaccio: Architectural Motif

Amiens (Mus. de Picardie): Smugglers; Ruins; Landscape; Seascape

Bath (Holburne Mus. of Art): Coast Scene (oil on canvas)

Bergamo (Accademia Carrara): Six Architectural Paintings; Masks in Venice; St Mark's Square; Rialto Bridge; Beggars' Canal; St George Island

Berlin: Giudecca in Venice; Balloon Ascending over the Giudecca (1783); St Mark's Square

Besançon: Lagoon; Court Interior

Brussels: Interior of the Church of St Mark; Islands and Monuments of Italy (12 panels); Court of the Doge's Palace

Copenhagen (Statens Mus. for Kunst): Return of the Bucintoro

Dresden: Pius VI Blessing the Venetians at the Scuola di S Marco

Dublin: Doge Marrying the Adriatic

Edinburgh (Nat. Gal. of Scotland): Piazza San Marco, Venice (c. 1775-1780, oil on canvas); Santa Maria della Salute, Venice (oil on canvas); San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (oil on canvas)

Fort Worth (Kimbell AM): Venice Viewed from the Bacino (c. 1780, oil on canvas)

Glasgow: Bacino di S Marco and Church of S Giorgio Maggiore; St Mark's Square

Grenoble: Doge Crossing St Mark's Square (or the Doge of Venice Carried by Gondoliers after his Election in St Mark's Square)

Helsinki: S Maria della Salute and the Grand Canal

Le Havre: St Mark's Lighthouse in Venice

Lille: Walk in Architectural Scenery

London (NG): View of the Venetian Lagoon with the Tower of Malghera (1770s, oil/wood); An Architectural Caprice (1770-1780, oil on canvas, three paintings); Caprice View with Ruins (1775-after 1780, oil on canvas and oil/wood, five paintings); other views of Venice

London (Wallace Collection): St Giorgio Maggiore (oil on canvas, two versions); Venice: the Dogana with the Giudecca (c. 1760-1776, oil on canvas); Venice: the Grand Canal with the Riva del Vin and Rialto Bridge (c. 1770-1776, oil on canvas); Venice: St Maria della Salute and the Dogana (early 1770s, oil on canvas); Capriccio with the arcade of the Doge's Palace and Saint Giorgio Maggiore (c. 1780, oil/panel); Venice: the Dogama with Saint Maria della Salute (c. 1780, oil on canvas); Capriccio with the Courtyard of the Doge's Palace (late 1770s, oil on canvas)

Lyons: Street in Venice

Milan (Ambrosiana): Maritime Scene; Rural Scene; Interior of Convent

Milan (Pinacoteca di Brera): Grand Canal (two works)

Montauban: Two Landscapes

Montpellier: View of Venice

Montreal (Learmont Collection): Two Scenes in Venice

Moscow (Rumiantsev Mus.): View of Venice (two works)

Munich (Pinakothek): Gala Concert in Venice

Nancy: Fire in the Ducal Palace

Nantes: Meeting in the Ducal Palace; Venice Carnival; View of Fratamone

Narbonne: St Mark's Square

New York (Metropolitan Mus. of Art): The Grand Canal above the Rialto; Landscape with Ruins

Nice: Venetian Merchant on the Quay

Padua: Caprice

Paris (Louvre): Views of Venice; Feast of Giovedì Grasso; Corpus Domini; Procession of the Doge; Hall of the Ducal Palace; Crowning of the Doge

Rennes (MBA): Ruins

Rheims: View of Venice

Rome (Nat. Mus. of Ancient Art): Canal of the Giudecca

Rouen: Palace of the Medici Villa

St Petersburg (Hermitage): Two Architectural Paintings

Strasbourg: Grand Canal; St Mark's Square

Stuttgart: Pius VI in Venice in 1782; State Barge 'Bucintoro' Returning from the Ceremony of the Marriage of Venice to the Sea; The Doge Returning from his Visit to the Church of S Giorgio

Toulouse: Water Festival in Celebration of Ascension Day

Tourcoing: Visiting the Ruins

Venice: Architectural Painting; Small Island (two works); Isola di S Giorgio; Small Island

Venice (Mus. Correr): Painting of Morals; Landscape; Portrait Presumed to be of the Artist; Parlour in a Convent of Women

Vienna (Albertina Mus.): Old Tower in St Mark's Square; Grand Canal with the Churches of S Lucia and La Scala; S Giorgio Maggiore; S Maria della Salute; Piazzetta and the Doge's Palace

Vienna (Kunsthistorisches Mus.): Entrance to the Arsenal in Venice; Dnjepr; St Mark's Square

Auction Records

Paris, 1850: View of the Grand Canal in Venice, FRF 4,100; View of the Customs House in Venice, FRF 3,600

Paris, 1865: Rialto Bridge, FRF 25,000; Salute, FRF 18,000; Dogana, FRF 20,000

London, 1880: Rialto in Venice, FRF 10,760

Paris, 1885: St Mark's Square, FRF 7,300

Paris, 1890: Customs House in Venice, FRF 10,000; Riva degli Schiavoni, FRF 9,000; Piazzetta in Venice, FRF 18,000

Paris, 1899: Doge's Palace in Venice, FRF 13,780

Paris, 1899: St Mark's Square, FRF 20,500; Two Views of the Surroundings of Venice, FRF 16,400

New York, 26-28 Feb 1902: St Mark's Palace, USD 500

New York, 1-2 April 1902: View of St Mark's Square, USD 7,500

London, 21 Dec 1907: S Maria della Salute, GBP 56

London, 12 Dec 1908: Entrance to the Grand Canal, GBP 126

London, 2 July 1909: S Maria della Salute, Venice, GBP 262; View of the Zuecca, GBP 320

London, 16 June 1911: Landscape with Figures; Scene in a Bay (two pendants) GBP 421

Paris, 28 Feb 1919: Aqueduct; Stone Bridge; Portico; Church in Ruins (four) FRF 16,400

Paris, 7 May 1919: Maritime Landscape with Figures in the Surroundings of Venice, FRF 20,100

Paris, 26 and 27 May 1919: Portico, FRF 33,100

Paris, 23-24 June 1919: Entrance to a Port, FRF 22,200; Il Rio dei Mendicanti (bistre wash) FRF 5,100

Paris, 8 March 1920: Island of S Giorgio Maggiore, FRF 20,000; Pyramid; Arch in Ruins (two) FRF 17,600

Paris, 29-30 April 1920: Arcades of the Doge's Palace (two panels) FRF 50,600

Paris, 6-7 May 1920: Equestrian Statue; Arched Door (two) FRF 46,000

Paris, 10-11 May 1920: Bucintoro Festival (pen and wash) FRF 29,500; Water Festival in Venice (pen and wash) FRF 66,700

Paris, 14 May 1920: Piazzetta, FRF 35,000

Paris, 8-10 June 1920: S Giorgio Maggiore (watercolour) FRF 11,825

Paris, 21 April 1921: Venetian Landscapes (two panels) FRF 20,500

Paris, 17 June 1921: View of Venice: Dogana, FRF 19,100

Paris, 4 Dec 1922: Grand Canal in Venice (pen and bistre wash) FRF 7,820

Paris, 20-21 Dec 1922: Venetian Interiors with figures (pen and sepia wash) FRF 4,900

Paris, 17 March 1923: Venice Canal; Venice Canal (two pendants) FRF 29,000

Paris, 18 May 1923: Venice: Senola di S Marco, FRF 12,200

Paris, 6 July 1923: Grand Canal, Venice, GBP 304

Paris, 22 Nov 1923: Small Landing Stage in the Surroundings of Venice, FRF 16,000; Small Bridge; Oratory (two) FRF 42,500

London, 22 Feb 1924: Rialto; Island of S Giorgio Maggiore (two) GBP 199

London, 28 March 1924: Island in the Surroundings of Venice, GBP 131

London, 27 June 1924: Island near Venice, GBP 241

London, 21 Nov 1924: Venice; Italian Landscape (two) GBP 262

London, 15 May 1925: Rialto, Venice, GBP 420

Paris, 8 June 1925: Dogana di Mare in Venice, FRF 60,000; Zattere in Venice, FRF 80,000

London, 10 Dec 1925: Venice: Piazzetta (drawing) GBP 21; Venice: Grand Canal (drawing) GBP 14

London, 7 May 1926: Venice: Entrance to the Grand Canal, GBP 1,155

London, 14 May 1926: Church of S Maria della Salute, Venice, GBP 1,680; Island of S Giorgio Maggiore, GBP 1,050

Paris, 27-28 May 1926: St Mark's Square in Venice, FRF 92,000

Paris, 7-8 June 1928: Grand Canal in Venice (pen and wash) FRF 41,000

London, 25 July 1928: Venice, GBP 920

London, 26 Nov 1928: Riva degli Schiavoni, Venice, GBP 1,092

London, 14 Dec 1928: Giudecca, Venice, GBP 2,047

London, 9 May 1929: Venice, GBP 62

Paris, 13-15 May 1929: Bucintoro Festival in Venice (drawing) FRF 103,000; View of Levico in the Sugana Valley (drawing) FRF 50,000

London, 24 May 1929: Dogana, Venice, GBP 504; S Maria della Salute, Venice, GBP 483

London, 5 July 1929: Island near Venice, GBP 483; Dogana, GBP 378

London, 29 Nov 1929: Town by a River, GBP 325

London, 21 Feb 1930: Venice, GBP 861

London, 27 June 1930: St Mark's Square, Venice, GBP 1,470; Island of S Giorgio Maggiore near Venice, GBP 1,102

Paris, 20-21 April 1932: Entrance to the Monastery, FRF 24,300

Paris, 1 Dec 1932: Market Square (gouache) FRF 52,000; Capriccio; Capriccio (two pendants) FRF 68,000

Paris, 14 Dec 1933: Canal in Venice, FRF 69,000

Paris, 8 May 1934: Rialto Bridge, FRF 63,000; Piazzetta, FRF 26,700

London, 1 June 1934: Lagoons, Venice, GBP 346

Paris, 26 June 1934: Venice: St Mark's Square, FRF 61,000

Paris, 7 Dec 1934: Dome; Arcades (two) FRF 30,000

New York, 4 Jan 1935: S Giorgio Maggiore, USD 525

Paris, 30 Nov-1 Dec 1936: View of the Grand Canal in Venice, FRF 200,000

London, 9 July 1937: St Mark's Square, Venice, GBP 367; Grand Canal, Venice, GBP 126; St Mark's Square, Venice, GBP 257

London, 22 July 1937: Venice: Grand Canal (drawing) GBP 820

London, 25 Feb 1938: Corner of St Mark's Basilica, Venice, GBP 472; Rialto, Venice, GBP 351; S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, GBP 330

Paris, 12 May 1938: Visit to the Ruins, FRF 74,100; Portico in Ruins, FRF 16,000

Paris, 15 June 1938: Court of the Doge's Palace (pen and bistre wash) FRF 23,000

London, 25 Nov 1938: Giudecca, Venice, GBP 682

New York, 20 April 1939: Italian Landscape, USD 1,300

London, 28 July 1939: St Mark's Square, Venice, GBP 56; Grand Canal, Venice, GBP 46

London, 19 June 1940: Grand Canal, Venice, GBP 40

London, 28 May 1941: Balloon Ascending, GBP 330

Paris, 29 May 1941: Rio dei Mendicanti in Venice, FRF 280,000

Paris, 27 June 1941: Portico; Entrance to a Palace (two pendants) FRF 160,000

London, 13 Dec 1941: Island of S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, GBP 1,837; Island of S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, GBP 840; Church of the Redentore, Venice, GBP 1,155; Dogana, Venice, GBP 2,520; Dogana, Venice, GBP 36

London, 27 March 1942: Giardini Publici a Capello (drawing) GBP 13

Paris, 15 June 1942: S Giorgio Maggiore, FRF 190,000; Church of S Maria della Salute in Venice, FRF 192,000; Rialto Bridge in Venice, FRF 232,000; Palace in Ruins by the Sea, FRF 103,000

New York, 5 Nov 1942: Grand Canal, Venice, USD 1,850

Paris, 17 Dec 1942: Bucintoro Festival, Rialto Bridge (school of Francesco Guardi) FRF 61,000

New York, 7-9 Jan 1943: Roman Ruins (drawing) USD 750; Classical Ruins (drawing) USD 120

Paris, 17 March 1943: S Giorgio Maggiore, FRF 625,000

London, 2 April 1943: Feast Day, Venice, GBP 42

London, 27 Oct 1943: Venetian Landscape, GBP 230

London, 11 Feb 1944: River, GBP 105

Paris, 26 April 1944: Palace in Ruins by the Sea, FRF 380,000

London, 9 June 1944: Venice (drawing) GBP 115

New York, 4 Jan 1945: Morning; Sunset, GBP 5,800

London, 1 June 1945: Feast Day on the Grand Canal, GBP 157

London, 22 June 1945: Gates of the Arsenal, Venice, GBP 68

Paris, Oct 1945-July 1946: Riva degli Schiavoni in Venice, FRF 1,250,000; Street Scene (28 Dec 1789, drawing and sepia wash) FRF 31,500; View of Venice (pen and sepia wash) FRF 86,000

London, 13 Feb 1946: Young Girl, GBP 900

London, 26 June 1946: Entrance to the Arsenal in Venice, GBP 1,350; Rialto Bridge in Venice, GBP 1,400

Paris, 5-6 June 1956: Venetian Capriccio; View from the Bridge over the Brenta in Dolo (two pendants) FRF 1,350,000

Bern, 22 Nov 1956: View of the Ducal Palace from a Gondola (pen and bistre wash) CHF 6,000

London, 28 Nov 1956: View of the Grand Canal, GBP 7,500

Paris, 3 Dec 1957: Buildings and Figures at the Entrance to a Port (pen and sepia wash) FRF 1,210,000

Paris, 19 March 1958: Venetian Capriccio, FRF 3,200,000

New York, 23 April 1958: Campo S Maria Formosa, Venice, USD 6,000

London, 2 July 1958: Village Scene, GBP 550

Versailles, 7 March 1959: View of the Lagoon in the Surroundings of Venice, FRF 7,700,000

London, 24 June 1959: View of the Campo of St John and St Paul, GBP 9,000

New York, 12 Nov 1960: Island of S Giorgio Maggiore, USD 10,500

London, 7 Dec 1960: View of the Small St Mark's Square, GBP 4,100

London, 14 June 1961: View of Venice, GBP 17,000

Paris, 28 June 1961: Capriccio, FRF 21,000

London, 23 Nov 1962: Sea Port Capriccio, Gns 14,500

London, 4 Dec 1964: S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, Gns 24,000

London, 29 Oct 1965: View of the Grand Canal, Gns 34,000

Paris, 1 Dec 1966: View of the Grand Canal in Venice, FRF 570,000

London, 10 July 1968: Landscapes in Ruins with Figures, GBP 50,000

London, 26 June 1970: View of the Grand Canal in Venice, Gns 75,000

Milan, 9 Nov 1971: Fire of S Marcuola, ITL 60,000,000

Stockholm, 19 April 1972: Landscape of the Venice Surroundings, SEK 250,000

London, 7 July 1972: Steep Coast with Boats and Figures, Gns 42,000

London, 2 April 1976: Bacino di S Marco, Venice (oil on canvas, 44 × 66¾ ins/112 × 169.5 cm) GBP 40,000

Paris, 23 June 1976: Capriccio (oil on panel, 12 × 9¼ ins/30.5 × 23.5 cm) FRF 180,000

London, 25 March 1977: Entrance to the Grand Canal, Venice (oil on panel, 9½ × 14 ins/24 × 35.5 cm) GBP 17,000

Paris, 23 Feb 1978: Portico with Parrot (pen, 15¼ × 13 ins/39 × 33 cm) FRF 80,000

London, 28 March 1979: St Mark's Square, Venice (pen, 6½ × 4¾ ins/16.7 × 12 cm) GBP 3,500

London, 24 June 1980: Venetian Capriccio (pen and wash/paper, 9¼ × 7¼ ins/23.5 × 18.7 cm) GBP 32,000

London, 8 July 1983: Grand Canal, Venice (oil on canvas, 27 × 47½ ins/68.6 × 120.6 cm) GBP 150,000

London, 4 July 1984: Il Rio dei Mendicanti with Gondolas, Venice (black chalk, pen, brown ink and wash, 9 × 14¼ ins/22.7 × 36.4 cm) GBP 12,000

London, 13 Dec 1985: S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (oil on canvas, 13½ × 20¾ ins/34 × 53 cm) GBP 180,000

New York, 17 Nov 1986: Hunting Scene in a Wood (pen, brown ink and wash/traces of black chalk, 18 × 25¼ ins/45.5 × 64 cm) USD 90,000

Bern, 17 May 1987: Entrance Court to the Ridotto in S Moisè in Venice (pen in bistre/wash, 7½ × 6¼ ins/19 × 16 cm) CHF 195,000

London, 6 July 1987: Grand Canal with the Ca' Pesaro (recto); Grand Canal in Santo Stae (verso) (black chalk, pen and brown wash, 17¼ × 23¼ ins/44 × 59.3 cm) GBP 390,000

New York, 14 Jan 1988: View of the Ducal Palace from the Sea with Small Boats and Figures (oil on canvas, 24 × 28¾ ins/61 × 73 cm) USD 440,000

New York, 3 June 1988: Fortress on Fire by the Sea (oil on canvas, 6¾ × 9½ ins/17 × 24 cm) USD 38,500

London, 8 July 1988: S Pietro di Castello in Venice with Small Craft and Gondolas in the Foreground (oil on canvas, 13½ × 18½ ins/34 × 46.7 cm) GBP 264,000

New York, 11 Jan 1989: St Mark's Square in Venice (gouache, 5½ × 9¼ ins/13.7 × 23.3 cm) USD 3,080

New York, 12 Jan 1989: Capriccio with Arches in Ruins and Figures (oil on panel, 7½ × 5¾ ins/19 × 14.5 cm) USD 85,250

Milan, 4 April 1989: Capriccio with a Bridge and Figures; Capriccio with Ruins and Figures (oil on panel, two pendants, 7 × 4½ ins/18 × 11.5 cm) ITL 128,000,000

New York, 2 June 1989: Figures under an Arch in Ruins; Inside Wall of the Church Garden (oil on canvas, two pendants, each 7¾ × 9¾ ins/20 × 25 cm) USD 231,000

New York, 27 Oct 1989: View of the Customs House with S Maria della Salute; Island of S Giorgio Maggiore and the Giudecca (oil on canvas, a pair, each 20¼ × 33 ins/51.5 × 84 cm) USD 4,510,000

Monaco, 1 Dec 1989: View of the Giudecca and Zattere in Venice (oil on canvas, 47¼ × 80¾ ins/120 × 205 cm) FRF 94,350,000

London, 8 Dec 1989: Loredan Villa near Paese with Elegant Figures Strolling in the Vicinity (oil on canvas, 19 × 30½ ins/48 × 77.5 cm) GBP 3,080,000

New York, 5 April 1990: Capriccio with an Arch in Ruins and Other Buildings (oil on panel, 6 × 4½ ins/15 × 11.5 cm) USD 110,000

London, 6 July 1990: Island of S Michele with the Venetian Lagoon (oil on canvas, 12 × 18¼ ins/30.2 × 46.5 cm) GBP 506,000

New York, 8 Jan 1991: Capriccio of the Palladio Plan for the Rialto Bridge (ink and wash, 11 × 17½ ins/27.8 × 44.4 cm) USD 143,000

New York, 11 Jan 1991: St Mark's Square in Venice Looking towards S Geminiano (oil on canvas, 33 × 50¼ ins/83.9 × 127.6 cm) USD 726,000

Paris, 9 April 1991: View of St Mark's Square (oil on canvas, 28 × 37½ ins/71 × 95.5 cm) FRF 3,700,000

London, 24 May 1991: Capriccio of Classical Ruins with a Peasant and Two Children and Other Figures Admiring a Statue (oil on canvas, 41¼ × 48½ ins/104.5 × 123.2 cm) GBP 297,000

Monaco, 21 June 1991: Venetian Capriccio (oils on canvas, a pair, each 9 × 6¾ ins/23 × 17 cm) FRF 399,600

New York, 22 May 1992: S Giorgio in Venice with the Arrow of the Giudecca in the Background (oil on canvas, 16 × 19¾ ins/40.6 × 50.2 cm) USD 1,265,000

London, 8 July 1992: Capriccio of a Landscape with a Rider Crossing a Bridge near a Tower in Ruins (oil on canvas, 11¼ × 19¼ ins/28.5 × 49 cm) GBP 77,000

Milan, 3 Dec 1992: Capriccio of the Lagoon (oil on canvas, 6¾ × 9 ins/17 × 23 cm) ITL 45,200,000

New York, 15 Jan 1993: Ducal Palace in Venice (oil on canvas, 21¾ × 28¼ ins/55.2 × 71.8 cm) USD 277,500

London, 9 July 1993: Figures in Fancy-dress Costume at the Ridotto during the Venice Carnival (oil on canvas, 30½ × 42¼ ins/77.5 × 107.5 cm) GBP 606,500

Paris, 24 June 1994: Capriccio: Washerwomen and Figures by a River; Capriccio: Figure Sitting at the Foot of a Tower in Ruins (oil on panel, a pair, 9¼ × 6½ ins/23.4 × 16.4 cm and 92 × 6½ ins/233.4 × 16.8 cm) FRF 580,000

Paris, 30 Nov 1994: Raising of Lazarus (oil on canvas, 43¼ × 37½ ins/110 × 95 cm) FRF 1,500,000

London, 9 Dec 1994: Dinner and Ball at the Theatre of S Benedetto in Venice on 22 January 1782 in Honour of Conti del Nord (oil on canvas, 26½ × 36 ins/67 × 91.5 cm) GBP 309,500

Paris, 12 June 1995: View of St Mark's Square Looking towards the Clock Tower (oil on canvas, 12½ × 20½ ins/32 × 52 cm) FRF 1,600,000

New York, 12 Jan 1996: Rialto Bridge in Venice with Gondolas (oil on canvas, 14¾ × 20 ins/37.5 × 50.8 cm) USD 156,500

Paris, 14 June 1996: View of the Campo of the Santi Apostoli (c. 1756, black chalk, pen and brown wash, 14½ × 22¾ ins/37 × 58 cm) FRF 170,000

London, 3 July 1996: Landscape with a Rustic Tower by a Lake (oil on panel, 15¾ × 20 ins/40 × 50.5 cm) GBP 51,000

New York, 3 Oct 1996: Figures in a Rural Landscape before the Storm (oil on canvas, 14¾ × 18¼ ins/37.5 × 46.4 cm) USD 17,250

Paris, 9 Dec 1996: Architectural Capriccio with Figures (oil on panel, 8¼ × 6 ins/21 × 15.5 cm) FRF 180,000

New York, 30 Jan 1997: Capriccio with an Arch in Ruins, a Villa in the Distance, and Figures in the Foreground (oil on canvas, 12¼ × 20 ins/30.8 × 50.5 cm) USD 75,100

New York, 31 Jan 1997: St Mark's Square in Venice: View to the East in the Direction of the Basilica (oil on canvas, 15½ × 25 ins/39.4 × 63.5 cm) USD 200,500

London, 4 July 1997: Capriccio of an Arch in Ruins with a Lantern; Capriccio of a Tower on a Bridge with a Corinthian Temple in the Distance (oil on panel, a pair, oval, 10¾ × 8¾ ins/27.4 × 22.4 cm and 11 × 8¾ ins/28 × 22.4 cm) GBP 180,500

London, 3 Dec 1997: Capriccio of a Temple in Ruins at the Side of a Bridge, Fishermen in the Foreground and the Venetian Lagoon in the Distance (oil on panel, 7¾ × 6 ins/19.7 × 15.2 cm) GBP 117,000

New York, 29 Jan 1998: View of the Island of the Giudecca with the Church of the Redeemer, Venice (oil on panel, 12¼ × 20¼ ins/30.8 × 51.4 cm) USD 1,322,500

Paris, 3 April 1998: Rialto Bridge and Riva del Vin (brown pen with grey and brown wash, 11 × 17¼ ins/27 × 44 cm) FRF 450,000

New York, 28 Jan 1999: Punta della Dogana and Santa Maria della Salute, Venice (oil on canvas, 31 × 50 ins/79 × 128 cm) USD 500,000

New York, 28 Jan 1999: Venice, View of the Grand Canal with Rialto Bridge (oil on canvas, 17 × 24 ins/44 × 60 cm) USD 525,000

New York, 28 Jan 2000: Views from the Bacino de San Marco, Venice (oil on canvas, a pair, 20 × 33 ins/52 × 85 cm) USD 5,100,000

London, 14 Dec 2000: Venice, the Festival of Giovedi Grasso in the Piazzetta in 1758 (1758, oil on canvas, 20 × 34 ins/51 × 86 cm) GBP 600,000

London, 13 Dec 2001: Coastal Capriccio with Fishing Boats at Anchor in a Bay (oil on canvas, 58 × 78 ins/147 × 198 cm) GBP 150,000

New York, 5 June 2002: View of the Palazzo Ducale as Seen from the Bacino (oil on canvas, 24 × 29 ins/61 × 73 cm) USD 575,000

London, 11 Dec 2002: Entrance to the Grand Canal (oil on canvas, 33 × 51 ins/84 × 129 cm) GBP 720,000

London, 9 April 2003: Capriccio of Buildings on the Laguna with Figures by a Ruined Arch (oil on canvas, 22 × 17 ins/56 × 42 cm) GBP 240,000

London, 10 July 2003: Architectural Capriccio with Figures before an Open Door (oil on canvas, 9 × 7 ins/23 × 17 cm) GBP 155,000

Paris, 25 June 2004: View of the Grand Canal (oil on canvas, 13 × 21 ins/34 × 53 cm) EUR 420,000

Milan, 12 Oct 2004: Capriccio with Ruins and Pyramids (oil on board, 36 × 52 ins/92 × 132 cm) EUR 1,000,000

Bibliography

  • Pallucchini, Rodolfo: Visto da Vicino, le pitture di Francesco Guardi all' Angelo Raffaele di Venezia, Emporium, Venice, 1938.
  • Maffeis, F. de: Antonio Guardi, Verona, 1951.
  • Byam Shaw, J.: The Drawings of Francesco Guardi, London, 1951.
  • Venise, Skira, Geneva, 1956.
  • Levey, Michael: Painting in Eighteenth-century Venice, London, 1959.
  • Exhibitions of Flowers by Francesco Guardi, Hallsborough Gallery, 1964.
  • Binion, Alice: Antonio and Francesco Guardi, their Life and Milieu: With a Catalogue of their Figure Drawings, New York, 1976.
  • Guardi, Tiepolo and Canaletto, Canterbury Royal Museum, 1985.
  • Busse, Jacques: L'Impressionnisme, une dialectique du regard, Ides et Calendes, Neuchâtel, 1995.
  • Succi, Dario: Francesco Guardi, Anthèse, Arcueil, 1995.