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Baargeld, Johannes Theodor  

Walter Vitt

(Gruenwald, Alfred Emanuel Ferdinand]

(b Stettin, Pomerania [now Szczecin, Poland], Oct 9, 1892; d nr Chamonix, France, 17 or Aug 18, 1927).

German collagist, draughtsman, writer and publisher. Although he came from an upper middle-class family, after serving as a volunteer in World War I he became a pacifist and a supporter of democratic socialism on Soviet lines. In 1918 he began a political career as a committee member of the mid-Rhine district of the Independent Social-Democratic Party, a Marxist party that had split from the Social-Democratic Party of Germany. The short-lived journal he edited, Der Ventilator, which published six issues in Cologne in February and March 1919, was a satirical magazine directed against the Social Democrat government in Berlin.

Having discovered the work of de Chirico and come under the influence of Dada, in autumn 1919 Baargeld became an opponent of tradition and convention in art as well, setting himself particularly against Expressionism. In November 1919 he and Max Ernst, who together can be said to have founded the Cologne branch of ...

Article

Hörle, Angelika  

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1899, in Cologne; died 1923.

Painter.

Dadaism.

Cologne Dadaist.

Angelika Hörle was the wife of Heinrich Hörle. Her Dadaist drawings and collages were reproduced in the Dada movement's journals, Bulletin D, The Maggot of Shame ( Die Schammade) and ...

Article

Karasik, Mikhail  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1953, in Leningrad.

Book artist, printmaker (lithography), graphic artist.

Mikhail Karasik graduated with an art-graphics degree from the Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. He is credited with pioneering the form of the artists’ book in Russia. Not only did he make them, he also encouraged his contemporaries to do so as well by curating numerous exhibitions and organising collective books, for example the ...

Article

Pansaers, Clément  

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1885, in Neerwinden; died 31 October 1922, in Brussels.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Dadaism.

Clément Pansaers was known above all for his poetical activity in the Dada movement. In 1917 he founded the journal Résurrection, which ran for five issues until ...