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Agbokou, Félix Nyakpogbé  

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 12 February 1977, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media).

Félix Agbokou studied under Sokey Edoth between 1996 and 1999. He abandoned realism in favour of depicting a fantasy world, and his paintings are spontaneous to the extent that they have no predefined theme. Painted at night and by candlelight, each series of paintings is directly inspired by its immediate surroundings: Lomé, Kouma, Abouri or Ghana. Agbokou uses materials that come readily to hand - leaves of indigenous plants or the bark of local trees - and mixes them with acrylic paint, outlining his forms and individual colours with a black line obtained from a mixture of coconut milk and old nails. His work has featured at group exhibitions, including the ...


Alfaro Echevarría, Ángel  

Cuban, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1952, in Yaguajay.


Ángel Alfaro Echevarría has already gone through several periods: Naturalist, Abstract and then a return to the Figurative, albeit in a more detached, impulsive style.


Beal, Jack  

Anne K. Swartz

(b Richmond, VA, June 25, 1931; d Oneonta, NY, Aug 29, 2013).

American painter. Beal studied at the College of William and Mary, Norfolk, VA, before going on to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Chicago. In 1965, he began having solo exhibitions at the Allan Frumkin Gallery, later Frumkin/Adams Gallery and then George Adams Gallery, which had venues in New York City and Chicago, continuing to exhibit with them into the 21st century. Like many artists working in the 1960s, he repudiated the abstract, then so current in the art world, and favored instead the kind of “New Realism” being espoused by artists such as Philip Pearlstein, among others. His art focuses on the figure indoors, usually rendered up-close in a compact interior environment. The colors are usually vivid and the lines often dominant.

Beal is known primarily as a painter, but in addition to painting and prints, Beal produced two major public art monuments. The first was a series of four murals titled ...


Bechtle, Robert  

Janet Bishop

(b San Francisco, CA, May 14, 1932).

American painter. Native of the San Francisco Bay Area, known for careful observation and explicit use of snapshot-like photographic source material for paintings of family, cars, and residential neighborhoods. The artist rose to national and international prominence in early 1970s as part of the Photorealist movement (see Photorealism).

From the 1960s, Bechtle pursued a quiet realism based on the things he knew best, translating what seem to be ordinary scenes of middle-class American life into paintings. Following an early childhood in the Bay Area and Sacramento, his family settled in 1942 in Alameda, an island suburb adjacent to Oakland where his mother would occupy the same house for almost 60 years. The neighborhood appears in many of Bechtle’s paintings.

Bechtle earned both his BFA (1954) and his MFA (1958) at Oakland’s California College of Arts and Crafts, where he studied graphic design and then painting. During his student years and into the 1960s, Bechtle was influenced by Pop art’s precedent for the use of commercial subject matter and techniques. He was likewise interested in Bay Area figuration, especially the subjects and structure of paintings by ...


Bonnefont, Loïc  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 17 January 1953, in St-Cloud.


Loïc Bonnefont is the grandson of the painter Léon Leray. In his paintings, he skilfully employs a technique similar to Hyperrealism. Not only does he communicate to the viewer the roughness of the landscape in his paintings of the Hérault region, but he also ironically subverts the conventional meaning of the images he represents, to bring the unusual to life....


Bosser, Jacques  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 26 March 1946, in Le Havre.

Sculptor, painter (mixed media). Low reliefs.

Bosser lives and works in Paris. He realises abstract works on paper, as well as low reliefs revealing the roughness of the material used.

He has taken part in group exhibitions, including: ...


Cazaux, Bernard  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 November 1946, in Paris.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Bernard Cazaux has lived and worked in Bordeaux since 1978. His painting technique is hyperrealist, tempered with diverse background images and elements inject a touch of humour to his compositions. He has had solo exhibitions in Toulouse (...


Coker, Peter Godfrey  

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 27 July 1926, in London; died 16 December 2004.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, domestic life.

Social Realism, New Realism.

Peter Coker studied in London at St Martin’s School of Art (1941-1943) before enlisting in the Fleet Air Arm (...


Coloretti, Fernandino  

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 14 March 1947, in Villa Minozzo.


New Realism.

Fernandino Coloretti was 14 when he entered an art college in Reggio Emilia near Bologna, where he subsequently taught. He later gave up teaching and settled in Paris, exhibiting work there in ...


Diabaté, Ismaël  

Malian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Kayes.


Ismaël Diabaté graduated in 1968 from the Bamako national institute of arts and started out painting in a conventionally Western Realist manner. By the mid-1970s, however, he had become increasingly interested in the work of the ...


Durrant, Ivan  

Australian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947.

Painter, performance artist. Figures.

Ivan Durrant produces provocative photo-realist paintings and sculptures of animals that force viewers to acknowledge the butchery involved in the production of meat. In his seminal 1975 work, he left the bloody carcass of a cow outside the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne....


Dworkowitz, Alan  

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in New York.


Benefiting from the success of Hyperrealism, Alan Dworkowitz exhibited paintings representing close-ups of motorbikes, executed with photographic precision, in the USA in 1972 and 1973. This subject evokes the canvases of Parrish, but without their wealth of detail. Dworkowitz is mentioned in Udo Kulterman's book on Hyperrealism....


Eddy, Don  

Mark W. Sullivan

(b Long Beach, CA, Nov 4, 1944).

American painter and printmaker. Eddy studied at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu (BFA, 1967, MFA, 1969) and came to prominence in the early 1970s as an exponent of Photorealism, producing airbrushed paintings based on photographs of automobiles (e.g. Untitled, 1971; Aachen, Neue Gal.), the displays in shop windows or still-lifes, as in New Shoes for H (1973; Cleveland, OH, Mus. A.). He treated similar subjects in screenprints and in colour lithographs such as Red Mercedes (1972; see 1973 exh. cat., p. 35). Rather than basing a painting or print on a single photograph, as was the case with other photorealists, Eddy would work from as many as 40 photographs to ensure a consistently sharp focus for his often spatially complex images.

From the 1980s Eddy’s focus shifted away from photorealism towards metaphysics, with images placed in porteic relationships to one another; describing his art as ‘echoing ecosystems’....


Fang Lijun  

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Beijing and Dali (Yunnan Province), China.

Born 1963, in Handan, China.

Painter, printmaker.

Cynical Realism.

Part of the generation of artists who grew up in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Fang Lijun graduated from the printmaking department at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in ...


Galt, Cameron  

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures.

Cameron Galt works in a realist style reminiscent of the German Neue Sachlickhkeit (New Functionalism). He casts a cold and gloomy look over a shady world of bars where people come together and separate....


Ģelzis, Kristaps  

Latvian, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1962, in Riga, Latvian SSR (now Latvia).

Painter, graphic artist, multimedia artist. Allegorical subjects, abstraction and portraiture. Sculptural objects, conceptual installations.

Of the generation that came of age during Latvia’s transition from Soviet occupation to political independence, Kristaps Ģelzis distinguished himself as the most cerebral of that nation’s artists while, paradoxically, anchoring his work in intrinsic properties of base materials, the timelessness of simple forms, and labour-intensive craft. The son and younger brother of renowned architects, Ģelzis resolved to pursue another creative vocation, first studying violin while attending Riga’s 50th Secondary School, then taking preparatory classes for the Latvian Art Academy in lieu of attending the art high school. As a student in the academy’s department of graphic art ...


Goubanova, Elena  

Russian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Elena Goubanova studied at the Repin Institute in Leningrad (St. Petersburg). She is familiar with the pictorial trends of the inter-war years. A realist, her technique sometimes borders on Hyperrealism, although her drawings and compositions show an awareness of refined geometric constructions similar to those found in 1920s Purism, and even a familiarity with the ...


Grayson, Tracy  

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1960, in Wichita Falls (Texas).

Painter. Landscapes.

Tracy Grayson's work has, with some justification, been classified as 'kitsch', thanks to her Realist style and pseudo-innocent rendering of nature's grand spectacles, to which she adds a sense of theatricality. Her pictures are often ambiguous, with a tongue-in-cheek humour that connects her landscapes with the traditional scenery of films celebrating American provincial life....


Kirke, Frančeska  

Latvian, 20th century, female.

Born 15 December 1953, in Riga, Latvian SSR (now Latvia).

Painter. Genre, allegorical, and literary subjects.

More than any other Latvian painter, Frančeska Kirke examines modes of visual representation transformed by evolving technologies, image-prompted nostalgia, and the history of human sexuality. Born to a family of renowned artists, Kirke began her formal training at the Jānis Rozentāls Riga Art High School, where she studied ...


Krijevski, Jan  

Russian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Ufa, in the Urals.


Jan Krijevski became a member of the artists' union in 1975. He has set out a theory of Transrealism, which relates to the cosmic conceptions of Filonov and to the avant-garde movement in fashion in the early 1900s. From ...