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Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born 5 September 1906, in St Catherines (Ontario); died 27 April 1978, in New York.

Painter, lithographer, photographer.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Ralston Crawford was brought up in Buffalo, NY and spent some time working as a sailor. From 1926-1927, he studied at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, and from 1927-1930 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Hugh Breckenridge among others, and at the Barnes Foundation, Merion Station. He travelled widely in Europe, America, Egypt and the South Pacific and held a number of posts as visiting lecturer and artist at various colleges and universities in America, including the Fine Arts Academies in Buffalo and Cincinnati, the Brooklyn Museum and the University of Nebraska....


Wilford W. Scott

(b Philadelphia, PA, Oct 15, 1881; d Philadelphia, Oct 13, 1918).

American painter and photographer. After training as an architect at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (A.B., 1903), he studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, also in Philadelphia, from 1903 to 1906 under William Merritt Chase, with whom he travelled to Europe. From 1907 to 1909 he lived mostly in Paris, where he saw the work of major avant-garde artists, including Cézanne, Picasso and Matisse, and benefited from contact with Leo Stein, an important collector and writer. By 1909 Schamberg had responded to the example of Cézanne’s paintings, including simplified and more solid forms in his own work. Following his participation in the Armory Show in 1913, Cubism became the dominant element of his art, modified in such works as Figure B, Geometric Patterns (1913; Fort Worth, TX, Amon Carter Mus.) by his use of vibrant colour. About 1915 Schamberg met Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia in New York through Walter Arensberg and in works such as ...


American, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1883, in Philadelphia; died 7 May 1965, in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, printmaker, draughtsman, photographer. City views, rural landscapes, industrial views, nudes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Charles Sheeler studied at the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts and was then taught by the painter and printmaker William Merritt Chase in New York. From Chase, Sheeler learned the technique of quick strokes, inspired by the Munich Expressionists, which was a feature of his early work. He lived for a time in London, the Netherlands, and Spain and also in Paris, where he came across Cubism and the work of Henri Matisse....