1-20 of 54 results  for:

  • Religious Art x
  • Medieval Art x
  • Interior Design and Furniture x
Clear all

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active at the end of the 15th century.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Venetian School.

According to records, from 1462 to 1486 Pier Antonio dell'Abate, together with the brothers Lorenzo and Cristoforo Canozi da Lendinara, produced woodcarvings for stalls in the churches of S Antonio in Padua, Santa in Monta in Venice and S Francisco in Treviso. Elements of his work can still be found in Ferrara....

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Active in St-Maximin (near Marseilles).

Born c. 1375; died May 1450.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes.

Andreas Abellon was a Dominican prior. Archives studied by Albanès record that the convent bought three historiated tapestries in 1444, which could have been painted by Abellon. He may have been the decorator of the chancel of the chapel, which was built between ...

Article

Portuguese, 16th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer.

Simão de Abreu collaborated with Domingos Vieira and other artists on the decoration of the convent of Christ in Tomar. He is known principally for his seven altarpieces for the church's charola (processional way).

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Arras at the beginning of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Arras School.

In 1501 Adam d'Avesne restored the panel of the master altar and painted banners for the church of La Ste-Croix in Arras.

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Naples towards the middle of the 16th century.

Painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

Neapolitan School.

It is not known with whom Pietro Afesa studied. His surname derives from the province where he was born. He came to Naples where he occupied a creditable position among the excellent painters living in the city at that time. He was commissioned with the decoration of public buildings and is known particularly for his ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Bologna.

Died 1469.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures. Decorative schemes, banners.

Bolognese School.

Agostino di Marsiglio received important commissions in Siena for a period of ten years. In 1442 he executed the decorative paintings for the chapels of S Giovanni and S Crescenzia. He also produced banners, standards and a crucifix, and two figures for the altar of the Nuova chapel....

Article

Italian, 14th century, male.

Engraver, marquetry worker. Religious subjects. Religious furnishings.

From 1331 to 1335, Andrea di Martino da Siena worked on the choir stalls at Orvieto Cathedral with Giovanni Ammanati da Siena and under the direction of Niccolo di Nuto. A record survives there showing his signature and the sum he was paid....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, marquetry worker. Religious subjects.

In 1489 and 1490, Angelo di Menicuccio da Iglianello collaborated with the painters Andrea Lombardo and Antonio di Bernardo Lombardo at Orvieto Cathedral. He painted a number of works, including a Pietà and was commissioned, with Antonio da Forlì, to paint a tabernacle and a crucifix....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1527, in Milan; died 11 July 1593, in Milan.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Prague School.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo belonged to a patrician family from Milan, which boasted three archbishops. Giuseppe, however, came from the 'poor' branch of the family. He was the son of Biagio and is assumed to have learned the rudiments of drawing and painting from his father, although no details of his training as an artist are known. His name first appears in a payment notice of 17 June 1551 in the cathedral construction records. He is believed to have gone to the court of the German emperors in 1561 and to have followed the court to its residences in Vienna and Prague.Arcimboldo enjoyed the successive patronage of Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and, in particular, Rudolph II. From 1562 to 1585 his name appears regularly in the court registers: he was paid 20 florins a month and often received additional sums from the imperial purse. A court painter, he was also commissioned to arrange courtly entertainments such as processions, cavalcades, balls and outdoor parties and it is thought that he may have invented the carousel. He was also a musician and devised 'a colormetric method of musical transcription' - a form of musical notation deciphered and performed on the harpsichord by the viol player Monzo. His biographers, Francine Legrand and Félix Sluys, liken this invention to 'present-day methods for synchronising music and film'. He also advised on the content of imperial collections and travelled for his patrons, acquiring works of art on their behalf.In 1587 he received his discharge from Rudolph II (who made him Count Palatine in 1591) and returned, his fortune made, to the city of his birth, where he died, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1593 at the age of 63.He was buried at the church of S Pietro della Vigna (it no longer survives). On 28 November 1551, Arcimboldo painted five armorial bearings for the king of Bohemia and a decoration for the main door of the cathedral. In the years following he painted ducal coats of arms for the feast of the Virgin, executed a map of the region of Volpedo and repainted the cathedral façade. In collaboration with his father he drew cartoons for stained glass windows depicting the ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1 March 1494 or or, in Florence; died 5 October 1557, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits. Designs for tapestries.

Florentine School.

Il Bacchiaca studied first under Perugino, then Franciabigio and finally under Andrea del Sarto. It was the latter - as much a friend as a teacher - who influenced the artist most. Bacchiaca worked mainly as a decorative artist. In ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Péronne between 1561 and 1578.

Died after 1578.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Guillaume Bauchart painted several works for the churches in Péronne.

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Died probably, in Odense, Denmark.

Sculptor (wood). Religious furnishings (altars).

Lübeck School.

Claus Berg made the altar for the Franciscan church at Odense in Denmark in about 1520. Berg was summoned to Odense by Queen Christina, and while there he married. An altar in Lübeck showing the Holy Family has been attributed to him, as well as an altar in Bregninge....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born in Bologna; died 1571.

Painter. Religious subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations.

Giovanni Bezzi was a pupil of Domenico Tibaldi di Pellegrini. Two paintings in the church of S Maria della Vitta, Bologna, and some murals in the Palazzo dei Bolognetti are attributed to him....

Article

Flemish School, 15th – 16th century, male.

Active in Brussels.

Sculptor (wood). Religious furnishings (altars).

Brussels School.

Jan Borreman was the head of a famous studio in Brussels producing retables in a style that was flamboyant and, in its expressiveness, akin to the painting of Rogier Van der Weyden. In around ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1492, in Caravaggio near Milan; died 1543, in Messina.

Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, historical subjects, battles, portraits, landscapes. Ornaments.

Polidoro Caldara began work at a very young age; Vasari tells us that he was employed by artists, notably by Giovanni da Udine, and worked at the Vatican fetching and carrying materials for fresco painters. As a young apprentice he soon began to show a great aptitude for art, practising his skills in his free moments; his drawings caught the eye of Raphael, who took him on as a student. He worked so well under Raphael's guidance that the master commissioned him to paint some frescoes at the Vatican....

Article

Alison Manges Nogueira

Monumental, marble paschal Candlestick of the late 12th to early 13th century with reliefs signed by Nicolaus de Angelo and Vassallettus now in S Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome. The imposing column (h. 5.6 m), adorned with six registers of reliefs and surmounted by a fluted candle holder, rests upon a base of sculpted lions, sphinxes, rams and female figures. The upper and lower reliefs bear vegetal and ornamental patterns while the three central registers portray Christ before Caiaphas, the Mocking of Christ, Christ before Pilate, Pilate Washing his Hands, the Crucifixion, the Resurrection and the Ascension. The culminating Easter scenes reflect the paschal candle’s function during the Easter season as a symbol of Christ resurrected, as evoked in an inscription on the base. A second fragmentary inscription refers to the unidentifiable patron’s desire for commemoration. A third inscription identifies Nicolaus de Angelo as the master sculptor and Petrus Vassallettus as playing a secondary role. Both were active in the second half of the 12th to the early 13th century and came from leading families of Roman sculptors: the Vassalletti and Cosmati (Nicolaus’s family). The candlestick is the only work signed by and securely attributed to Nicolaus and the scope of his contribution remains uncertain. A plausible theory attributes the base and first register to Petrus, based upon similarities to works signed by him and ascribed to his family, such as the cloister of S Giovanni in Laterano in Rome and the narthex of S Lorenzo fuori le Mura in Rome. Nicolaus probably executed the Christological scenes, distinguishable for their more dynamic, expressive figures and decorative chisel work, and appropriate for the master sculptor because of their centrality and significance. Early Christian sarcophagi and Carolingian ivories may have provided models for the figural types. This form of paschal candlestick was probably inspired by Roman columnar monuments carved with triumphal scenes....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active 1442-1509.

Born c. 1420, in Perugia; died c. 1505, in Perugia.

Painter, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects. Banners, armorials.

Perugian School.

Bartolomeo Caporali was active between 1472 and 1499 in Perugia. Nothing is known of his training but from his first work, an ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

Charles Tracy

Places in the choir of a church set aside for the daily use of the clergy. They are usually made of wood and are found only in churches of the Western tradition. Choir-stalls were essentially places for standing, the clergy being required to do so during most of the services. Each stall consists of a folding seat, turning on hinges or pivots, with a Misericord under it, a standard on each side with elbow rest, a wainscot backing and, sometimes, a canopy above. Some form of book desk was provided in front.

The daily task of the members of a cathedral chapter was the recitation of the Psalter, particular psalms being allocated to the different prebends. At Lincoln Cathedral the initial Latin verses allocated to each canon, over-painted in modern times, are still to be found on the stall backs. An absentee canon was expected to have a deputy, called a ‘vicar choral’, who was paid ‘stall wages’. The seating in the choir-stalls of a great church mirrored the hierarchy of the organization. It was stipulated in the manuals of customs, such as the Sarum Consuetudinary, written in the early 13th century. In medieval England the principal place of honour in a secular ...