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Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1914, in Washington (North Carolina), 1919, according to some sources; died 1977.

Sculptor, print artist, ceramicist, illustrator.

William E. Artis studied at the University of Syracuse, New York, New York State University and the Art Students League, New York. He was also a student of Augusta Savage at the Harlem Community Art Center, New York. Artis expressed his humanist ideals by depicting impassive faces in a purified style, combining African and classical sculpture....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1821, in Montreuil-sur-Mer; died after 1901.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Landscapes.

Initially a porcelain painter like Diaz and Troyon, the 20-year-old Alexandre de Bar came to the attention of Alexis de Fontenay who took him under his wing. By the following year, he had given up ceramics to devote himself exclusively to painting. He exhibited regularly from 1845 to 1870, chiefly landscapes. In 1856, he travelled to Egypt to document an expedition to chart the source of the Nile and remained there for a full year. De Bar occupies a major position among the illustrators of the Second Empire and was a major contributor to leading publications such as ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1889, in Neosho (Missouri); died 1975, in Kansas City (Missouri).

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, genre scenes, local scenes. Murals.

American Regionalism.

Thomas Hart Benton gave up his job as a newspaper cartoonist in order to enroll in the Art Institute of Chicago, before pursuing his studies in Paris at the Académie Julian from 1908 to 1911. He was then in contact with some of the early 20th-century artists seeking radical renewal, in particular Stanton MacDonald-Wright, one of the active members of the Synchromism movement, which used the circle as the element capable of enlivening an abstract composition through the effects of colour dynamism. Benton himself said that it took him 10 years to break away from this abstract art, which later, after World War I, he openly opposed. But on his return to the USA in 1912, he was still in touch with Alfred Stieglitz, who was showing work by abstract artists and in 1916 was still showing Benton’s synchromist abstract paintings. Back in New York in 1913, he produced pottery, designed sets for Fox Studios, illustrated books and taught an evening class. He also taught at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan, where his personal choices had a significant influence on a great many young artists. Then, from 1926, he taught at the Art Students League, New York, where in 1929 one of his students was Jackson Pollock, who for a time painted Realist pictures, but quickly reacted against this genre, all the more vigorously for having to oppose Benton’s strong personality....

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

(António Teixeira Bastos Nunes)

(b Lisbon, Sept 18, 1899; d Lisbon, Aug 18, 1982).

Portuguese painter, printmaker and designer of tapestries and tile panels. Known primarily as a ‘painter of Lisbon’, he began his artistic career as an illustrator and cartoonist as well as writing a weekly satirical page (1928–50) in the newspaper O sempre fixe. He visited Paris in 1929, 1930–1 and again in 1937, when he was impressed by a retrospective exhibition of the work of van Gogh, whose influence is evident in Botelho’s scenes of urban squalor of the late 1930s. He had begun to depict calm, unpopulated views of Lisbon in the early 1930s, for example Side View of the Castle (1935; Lisbon, Mus. Cidade), and from the early 1940s concentrated almost exclusively on this theme. The compositions became increasingly crisp and planar and the piling up of volumes and compression of space increasingly stylized, especially after he began to paint from memory in 1949. The tonalities of Botelho’s paintings remained consistently pale, as in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 July 1883, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, potter.

Georges Léon Bruyer did wood engravings and aquatints. Between 1907 and 1937 he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne. Like many illustrators he treated a great variety of subjects. In addition to publishing his own engravings he illustrated a number of books, including ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 30 September 1932, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, potter. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stained glass windows.

Nathalie Chabrier studied at the École des Arts Appliqués and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She married Roger Forissier. She has worked mostly in decorative arts, notably in stained glass windows, tapestry, ceramics and murals. She has received various prizes, including the state art prize in ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 5 July 1889, in Maisons-Laffitte; died 11 October 1963, in Milly-la-Forêt.

Painter, pastellist, potter, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage sets, designs for ceramics.

'Versatility' is perhaps the term that best sums up Jean Cocteau. Cocteau the poet: ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1922, in St-Marcellin.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Genre scenes, figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes, flowers.

André Cottavoz was the son of a milliner and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons. In 1949 he received a grant from the Prix National de Peinture (National Prize in Painting), in 1950 a prize at the Biennale in Menton, and in 1953 the Premier Prix Fénéon....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1840; died 1894.

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator. Military subjects, local scenes, landscapes. Designs for ceramics.

Theo Davis won recognition for his illustrations depicting scenes of the American Civil War, which he witnessed in the field for Harper's magazine. He was apparently wounded on two occasions. After the war he travelled several times into the American West and thus became one of the first artists to bring back drawings of members of the Sioux nation. He accompanied General Custer's expedition in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1912, in St-Étienne; died 5 December 1995, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, medallist. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, frescoes, ceramics.

Jacques Despierre entered the studio of Lucien Simon at the École Nationale Superieur des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 or 18 September 1870, in Nuremberg; died 13 March 1957, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver. History painting. Ex-libris plates, posters, murals, designs for mosaics, designs (ceramics/typefaces/glassware).

Jugendstil.

Julius Diez was the nephew of the painter Wilhelm von Diez. He was a pupil of Ferdinand Barth and Rudolf von Seitz at the Kuntsgewerbeschule in Munich between ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 April 1857, in Ipswich (Massachusetts); died 13 December 1922, in New York.

Painter, engraver (wood), draughtsman, designer, illustrator, potter, photographer. Landscapes.

Arthur Wesley Dow studied in Worcester with the painter Anna K. Freeland, then in Boston in the studio of the painter James M. Stone. In 1884 he travelled to Paris, where he was a pupil of Boulanger and of Lefebvre at the Académie Julian. On returning to Boston in 1889, he studied Aztec, Oceanian, African, Egyptian and, above all, Japanese art. In 1893 he became assistant curator of Japanese art at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. In the 1890s Dow became an avid photographer and made photographs as studies and as works of art. The majority of his photographs are of the landscape around Ipswich and botanical subjects. He printed most often in cyanotype, which renders the image in bright shades of blue and reveals Dow’s interest in tonality. For example, Dory (1904) explores the transitions between low-lying marsh grass and still water in an arrangement inspired by the Japanese woodblock prints he admired....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 June 1877, in Le Havre; died 23 March 1953, in Forcalquier (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver (wood/copper), lithographer, illustrator, potter. Scenes with figures, local scenes, rustic scenes, figures, nudes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage sets.

School of Honfleur (or of St-Siméon)...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active from 1953 also active in France.

Born 21 February 1909, in Lucerne; died 21 March 2015.

Painter, engraver, lithographer, ceramicist, sculptor, illustrator, decorative designer, writer. Murals, designs for mosaics.

Groups: Die Allianz, Abstraction-Creation.

The son of a mechanic, at the outset Hans Erni was a technical draughstman in an architect's studio. He attended the school of arts and crafts in Lucerne between 1927 and 1928, and the Académie Julian in Paris from 1928 to 1929. Between 1929 and 1930 he was at the Vereinigte Staatschule für Freie und Angewandte Kunst (school of applied arts) in Berlin. During his numerous stays in Paris he was in contact with Arp, Piet Mondrian, Constantin Brancusi, Alexander Calder, Wassily Kandinsky and Henry Moore among others. He was also strongly influenced by the work of Picasso and Braque. He joined the group...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 24 December 1915, in Pau.

Potter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for mosaics, de tapestries, murals.

Christiane d'Estienne was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts, Bourges, and later studied with Adam and Lesbounit. She went on to live and work in Paris. Her work has been shown since ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Baltimore; died 1993.

Painter, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator, art historian, writer. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes. Comic strips.

Elton Clay Fax studied at Clafin University, Orangeburg, South Carolina, and Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. He was taught by Augusta Savage....