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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Los Angeles; died 14 October 2012.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Michael Asher studied at the University of California, Irvine, and now lives and works in Los Angeles and in Venice. Like many Conceptual artists, he addresses the issue of how artefacts are presented and viewed, and negates the role of the artist. With his contribution to ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 June 1931, in National City (California).

Painter, video artist, photographer. Artist’s books.

Conceptual Art.

John Baldessari lives and works in Santa Monica, California. At the end of the 1950s, he decided to abandon painting and burned his pictures. He has stated that he profoundly disagreed with art in general, and therefore decided to give people what they understood best: written language and photography....

Article

Eduardo Serrano

(b Cartagena, Oct 27, 1945).

Colombian painter, sculptor and conceptual artist. He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes of the University of Atlántico in Barranquilla, Colombia, from 1958 to 1960, and in Italy from 1966 to 1967 at the University of Perugia. In 1966, under the influence of Pop art, he made the first of a series of collages combining cut-outs of well-known individuals and comic strips with drawn elements. Two years later he added frosty effects and velvet flowers to his interpretations in black and red ink of figures with distorted bodies and the faces of film stars. In 1969 he began to present these in increasingly three-dimensional boxes or glass cases, accompanied by clouds of cotton wool, plastic figures and other additions that combined to make up fantastic or nostalgic scenes, dream-like and surrealist in appearance and tone.

Barrios was among those who introduced conceptual art to Colombia, for example by publishing in newspapers a series of ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in New York.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Robert Barry was a student of Robert Motherwell at Hunter College until 1963, and began exhibiting in New York in 1964. In his early pictures, Robert Barry introduced the environment: 'I am becoming concerned about the whole situation, instead of simply making a painting', he said. When he exhibited at Bradford College (Massachusetts) in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Long Beach (California).

Painter (mixed media).

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, New Image.

Jennifer Bartlett grew up in Long Beach, and the ocean has always been a constant in her work. Her early work is midway between Minimalist and Conceptualist. Starting with a pattern of small dots screenprinted onto a series of identical steel plaques, she painted dotted lines in enamel, the number of dots in each line being calculated on the basis of a strict mathematical scheme. The concept of series was already prominent in this early phase. In the series entitled ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 11 February 1942, in Hamburg (Pennsylvania).

Painter (mixed media).

Conceptual Art.

Bill Beckley began teaching at the New York School of Visual Arts in 1978. In 1979, he began to include painted panels in his photographic work. Later, he took salvaged items that he kept in his studio and worked them into his paintings. He began taking part in group exhibitions in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Pittsburgh.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art, Copy Art.

Mel Bochner studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He settled in New York in 1964.

He stood out among the exponents of Conceptual Art in his use of writing systems as a primary material for artistic expression, especially figures or series. There is a similarity between certain works by Bochner and some of those of Berlewi, but whereas Berlewi, in the 1920s, used stencils to repeat geometrical structures in mechanical fashion, Mel Bochner, in the 1960s, drew his geometrical figures by hand, although they were also based on the repetition of the same element, usually the point. For a period of a few years, Bochner's interest in the problem of the representation of writing and the word led him to construct installations. From ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

(b Pittsburgh, PA, Aug 23, 1940).

American conceptual artist, draughtsman, painter, and writer. He studied painting at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh (BFA, 1962). In 1964 Bochner moved to New York. His first exhibition (1966), described by Benjamin Buchloch as the first conceptual art exhibition, was held at the Visual Arts Gallery, School of Visual Arts, New York, and titled Working Drawings and Other Visible Things on Paper Not Necessarily Meant to be Viewed as Art. In his work he investigated the relation between thinking and seeing. In his first mature works (1966), which are both conceptual and perceptual in basis and philosophical in content, he was interested to eliminate the ‘object’ in art and to communicate his own feelings and personal experience, and he did not wish to accept established art-historical conventions. He also experimented with word-drawings (see fig.) and number systems. For his Measurement series (late 1960s) he used black tape and Letraset to create line drawings accompanied by measurements directly on to walls, effectively making large-scale diagrams of the rooms in which they were installed. Bochner continued to make series of installational line drawings into the 1970s and 1980s, but from ...

Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1935.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Brugnoli originated the earliest manifestations of Conceptual Art in Chile from 1960 to 1970, creating the group Studio of the Visual Arts, which aimed to address man and his social identity by producing works that had everyday objects at their centre....

Article

Daniel R. Quiles

(b Lima, Mar 13, 1965).

Peruvian draftsman and conceptual artist. Between the years 1981 and 1984, he studied in Lima in the studio of the sculptor Cristina Gálvez (1919–1982) at the Facultad de Arte at Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, and later with the painter Leslie Lee. Between 1984 and 1986 he studied art at Université Paris VIII, and, between 1986 and 1990, in Christian Boltanski’s workshop at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In the 1990s, living between Lima and Berlin, Bryce began to foreground the archive as theme and source material in his practice. His paintings, Cronologías (1997–1998), were based on the media coverage of the era in which Alberto Fujimori was president of Peru (1990–2000). In 1999 he simplified this approach with Untitled, using only black ink on paper, the first example of Bryce’s signature style, which he called análisis mimético (mimetic analysis): the meticulous copying of images or documents from archives, often in large selections. ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Detroit; died May 1997, in Cairo.

Installation artist, performance artist, sculptor, draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Using a variety of different forms of expression, including installations, writing, performance, photographs and sculpture, James Lee Byars has created a highly personal collection of work. In the 1950s he focused on comparing oriental civilisation and western mystical thought, notably with folding sculptures which he unfolded in public. He went on to subvert objects by creating them in precious or unusual materials such as gold leaf or marble. He made several visits to Japan from ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Waltercio Caldas Junior has taken part in group exhibitions including the Art from Brazil in New York exhibition shown in various museums and galleries in 1995 and the São Paulo Biennale in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, female.

Born 23 October 1920, in Belo Horizonte; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Constructivism, Conceptual Art, Body Art.

Grupo Frente.

Clark studied in Brazil under the direction of Burle-Marx in 1947, then went to Paris in 1948 and worked with Fernand Léger, Arpad Szenes and Dabrinsky. In ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Arvida (Quebec).

Painter, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Sylvain P. Cousineau creates three-dimensional assemblages which give a good idea of his creative process. He accumulates canvases, oils, wood panels, discarded objects, domestic debris and ironmongery, and produces deliberately simple images which, rather than yield meaning, serve above all to highlight the appropriateness of the materials used. The apparent naivety of the images is merely feigned, and is contradicted by the skill of Cousineau's pictorial and other techniques....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1938, in Budapest, Hungary.

Draughtswoman (ink).

Conceptual Art, Environmental Art.

Agnes Denes started out as a painter, but abandoned this in 1968 in favour of what she described as a 'new visual, personal language'. She is one of the originators of Conceptual art, and a pioneer of environmental art, dealing with ecological, cultural and social issues in her work. In her images, geometric structures rigorously elaborated in ink on graph paper, she conceives reality as a structure incapable of being seized in its totality. She delivers a theoretical, mathematical and scientific reflection, a concept 'that dictates the method of representation' inspired by universal history. She has written several theoretical essays....

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1968.

Born 1944, in Paraiba.

Painter.

Conceptual Art, Neo-Constructivism, Figuration Narrative.

Dias' early works were inspired by the geometric abstraction of Torres García. Between 1965 and 1968 he produced paintings and montages glorifying violence in a visual language influenced by Pop Art, and after ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

(b New Haven, CT, 1949).

American painter. He completed a BA at Trinity College, Hartford, CT, in 1971 and later settled in New York. Initially influenced by Post-minimalism, process art and conceptual art, he was soon attracted to the tactility and allusions to the body in the work of Brice Marden, Robert Mangold and Robert Ryman. Spurred on by the revival of interest in Surrealism in the 1970s, Dunham began to make abstract, biomorphic paintings reminiscent of the work of Arshile Gorky and André Masson, executed with a comic twist enhanced by lurid colours and the suggestion of contemporary psychedelia. In the 1980s he began to paint on wood veneer and rose to prominence in the context of a broader return to painting in the period. Age of Rectangles (1983–5; New York, MOMA) is a highly abstract composition of differing forms, symptomatic of his work at this time: geometric sketches co-exist with eroticized organic shapes while the forms of the wood veneer show through the surface of the paint to suggest surging forces. Towards the end of the 1980s he began to move towards single, dominating motifs; wave-like forms were particularly common. In the ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Fort Worth (Texas).

Painter (mixed media), sculptor of assemblages.

Conceptual Art.

Vernon Fisher studied at Hardin-Simmons University, where he received a BA in 1967, and at the University of Illinois, obtaining an MFA in 1969. He has taught as associate professor of art at Austin College, Sherman (...

Article

American, 20th century.

Born 1944, in Charleston (South Carolina).

Painter. Landscapes.

Gaines lived and worked in Fresno (California). He was a student at the MFA Rochester Institute of Technology. He was first thought of as a conceptual artist, due to his remoteness from painting. Opposed to a romantic artistic vision, he nonetheless returned to painting, with 'scientifically' conceived works. His series ...