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Monica Bohm-Duchen

(b Haag, Austria, April 5, 1900; d Santa Barbara, CA, Sept 30, 1985).

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the Bauhaus in Weimar, studying mural painting (with Vasily Kandinsky) and typography; it was at this time that he created the Universal alphabet, consisting only of lowercase letters. In 1925 he returned to the Bauhaus, then in Dessau, as a teacher of advertising, layout and typography, remaining there until 1928. For the next ten years he was based in Berlin as a commercial artist: he worked as art manager of Vogue (1929–30) and as director of the Dorland advertising agency. Shortly after his first one-man exhibitions at the Galerie Povolotski, Paris, and at the Kunstlerbund März, Linz (both 1929), he created photomontages of a Surrealist nature, such as ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1904.

Draughtsman, designer.

Hin Bredendieck was an industrial designer and lived and worked in Atlanta. He studied in Stuttgart and Hamburg and was a student at the Bauhaus between 1927 and 1930. From 1937 to 1945, he was director of the foundation course at the New Bauhaus in Chicago....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in New Orleans; died 1985.

Painter, sculptor.

Fritz Bultman studied at the New Orleans Art and Craft School and then at the New Bauhaus in Chicago from 1937 to 1938 and finally with Hans Hofmann in Provincetown from 1938 to 1940...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Canig, Germany; died 1985, in Reston (Virginia).

Painter, printmaker, collage artist. Still-lifes, landscapes.

After serving in the front lines during World War I, Werner Drewes was admitted to the Bauhaus in 1921 where he studied under Klee and Münch. A restless traveller across many continents, he emigrated with his family to the US when Hitler came to power. In New York, he took his place alongside Mondrian and Feininger in the group of American Abstract Artists. He taught at Columbia University, worked on the design of the Worlds Fair Building in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Chicago.

Painter.

Imagist Group.

June Leaf began her studies at the New Bauhaus Institute of Design in Chicago, but went to Paris after three months where she discovered primitive art, which left a deep impression on her. She finished her studies in Art Education at Roosevelt University in ...

Article

Terence A. Senter

(b Bácsborsod, Mohol Puszta, Hungary, July 20, 1895; d Chicago, Nov 24, 1946).

American painter, sculptor, photographer, designer, film maker, theorist, and teacher, of Hungarian birth. Moholy-Nagy’s importance in the 20th century is based as much on his theories as on his practical work. His ideologies related to the relationship between space, time, and light, and the interaction of man with these forces. His great achievement was that he applied his mystical outlook to highly practical enterprises and always recognized the purpose behind his creativity.

Moholy-Nagy’s ambition developed when he exchanged village life for the city of Szeged after his father left his family. Academically outstanding, Moholy-Nagy read law for a year at Budapest University before joining the artillery in World War I. Influential praise for his war sketches converted his aspiration from literature to art. His Expressionist style, social conscience, and investigation of light paralleled trends in the Hungarian avant-garde, from ...