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German, 20th century, male.

Active in America.

Born 1909, in Dessau.


Heinz Allner trained at the Bauhaus between 1927 and 1930, notably under Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky. He settled for a time in Paris in 1933, where he worked in graphic art and typography, disciplines he had acquired at the Bauhaus. He remained in Paris until ...


Monica Bohm-Duchen

(b Haag, Austria, April 5, 1900; d Santa Barbara, CA, Sept 30, 1985).

American painter, designer, photographer and typographer, of Austrian birth. After serving in the Austrian army (1917–18), Bayer studied architecture under Professor Schmidthammer in Linz in 1919 and in 1920 worked with the architect Emanuel Margold in Darmstadt. From 1921 to 1923 he attended the Bauhaus in Weimar, studying mural painting (with Vasily Kandinsky) and typography; it was at this time that he created the Universal alphabet, consisting only of lowercase letters. In 1925 he returned to the Bauhaus, then in Dessau, as a teacher of advertising, layout and typography, remaining there until 1928. For the next ten years he was based in Berlin as a commercial artist: he worked as art manager of Vogue (1929–30) and as director of the Dorland advertising agency. Shortly after his first one-man exhibitions at the Galerie Povolotski, Paris, and at the Kunstlerbund März, Linz (both 1929), he created photomontages of a Surrealist nature, such as ...


German, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Emmerich.

Collage artist, painter (gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, graphic designer.

After an apprenticeship with a lithographer, Kurt Kranz was a student at the Bauhaus from 1930 to 1933, taking the preliminary course of Joseph Albers in the studios of Klee and Kandinsky. He became a professor in the Landeskunstschule in Hamburg, where he lived, in ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1899, in Liège; died 1975.

Painter, graphic designer.

From 1924 to 1931, Friedrich Kuhr studied at the Bauhaus, notably in the mural painting studio; and from 1928, he started teaching life drawing and the nude there. From ...