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Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1836, in Naples; died 1868, in Florence.

Painter. Genre scenes, portraits, church interiors, architectural views, landscapes, seascapes.

Macchiaioli Group.

Giuseppe Abbati was one of the interesting figures of the new Italian School. He trained under his father Vincenzo Abatti, a Neapolitan painter. He then went to work at the school of fine arts in Venice. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 19th century.

Born 1803, in Naples.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, church interiors, landscapes.

Vincenzo Abbati was working in Graz in 1843. There were reports that he then moved to Florence, Venice and then back to Naples....

Article

Çigdem Kafesçioglu and Walter B. Denny

In 

Article

Belgian, 19th century, male.

Born 21 January 1797, in Ghent; died 23 February 1855, in Ghent.

Painter, watercolourist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes.

After studying with Pieter van Huffel at the academy in Ghent, Abeele went to Paris in 1819 and joined the studio of Baron Gros. In ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 28 February 1832, in Marseilles; died 1870, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Abel studied under Bonnefond at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons and later under Léon Cogniet. He exhibited in Lyons in 1866 and Paris from 1857 to 1870...

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Born 1800, near Valencia; died 1884.

Painter. Religious subjects, hunting scenes.

Abella became known in Valencia around 1845 for his hunting scenes and historical paintings.

Valencia: Christ

Article

Flemish School, 19th century, male.

Born 28 January 1828, in Louvain; died 19 April 1881, in Louvain.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

In his work, Michel Abelloos sought to return to the tradition of the early masters. He executed the high altar of the church of St Basil in Bruges after drawings by Baron Jean Béthune. He was also responsible for the impressive high altar of St-Cruces near Bruges. Other examples of his work can be found in Belgium, the north of France and England....

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born in Louvain.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues, busts.

Jean François Abeloos was a pupil of Karel Geerts. In 1855 he was made professor at the academy of arts in Louvain, replacing his former teacher. He produced a large number of sculptures, examples of which can be found in churches in Belgium. At the Brussels exhibition of ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

[Abū’l-Qāsim]

(fl c. 1816).

Persian painter. His only known work is a long composition depicting the Qajar monarch Fath ‛Ali Shah (reg 1797–1834) entertained by female musicians and dancers. The only surviving fragments of it are a painting of the shah (London, B. W. Robinson priv. col.) and three paintings of the entertainers (Tehran, Nigaristan Mus., ex-Amery priv. col.). The paintings of a woman playing a drum and of a woman playing a stringed instrument are signed raqam-i kamtarīn Abū’l-Qāsim (‘painted by the most humble Abu’l-Qasim’) and dated 1816, but the third painting showing a woman dancing is half-length and damaged. All the fragments share the same continuous architectural background and scale (a little less than life-size). Robinson has suggested that this mural might be the one described in the mid-19th century by the traveller Robert Binning, who reported that the house he occupied in Shiraz contained a painting of Fath ‛Ali Shah seated in state attended by ten women. The composition extended around three sides of the room and the figures were almost life-size. This identification suggests that Abu’l-Qasim might have been a native of Shiraz....

Article

Dutch, 19th century, male.

Born 1804, in Oudenaarde.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes.

After studying at the Oudenaarde academy, Charles Louis Acar went to Brussels to train under Odevaere at the Brussels Academy. By 1824 he had achieved a sufficient standard to be able to send some portraits to the Ghent exhibition. In ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

(b. Oakland, CA, 1893; d. Shiraz, Iran, 25 Jan. 1977).

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In 1930 Ackerman was stricken with polio but taught herself to walk again. They were instrumental in preparing the 1931 Persian Art Exhibition at Burlington House, London, and the Second International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology, as well as the Third Congress in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) in 1935 and the exhibition of Iranian art at the Iranian Institute in New York in 1940. She visited Iran for the first time in 1964, when the shah of Iran invited Pope to revive the Asia Institute; it was associated with Pahlavi University in Shiraz until ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1864, in Collobrières (Var); died 8 October 1923, in Collobrières.

Painter, watercolourist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, seascapes.

Joseph Acosta came from a family of modest means and it was only because of a municipal bursary that he was able to take up studies at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 22 March 1828, in Parma; died 29 July 1889.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes.

Ignazio Affani was a pupil of Callegari, Gaibazzi and Scaramuzzo, and received the Prix de Rome from the Parma Academy for his painting ...

Article

[Muḥammad Ḥasan Khān Afshār]

(fl c. 1835–1865).

Persian painter. A noted court painter and portraitist under the Qajar rulers Muhammad Shah (reg 1834–48) and Nasir al-Din (reg 1848–96), Muhammad Hasan Afshar was awarded the title Painter Laureate (Pers. naqqāsh bāshī). A portrait dated 1847 in the Churchill Album (London, BL, Or. MS. 4938) depicts Muhammad Shah seated in a red tunic with blue sash and flashing diamonds. The artist’s most remarkable works are three life-size oil portraits of Nasir al-Din (Tehran, Gulistan Pal.; Tehran, Moghaddam priv. col. (see Robinson, 1991, fig.); and Isfahan, Chihil Sutun Palace, dated 1860). The artist also painted small varnished objects, such as a penbox dated 1846 (priv. col., see Robinson, 1989, fig.), which has a scene of the Last Judgement on the top and a Napoleonic battle scene on one side. The penbox was only finished in 1861 by Isma‛il Jalayir, who added a scene of the Qajar monarch Muhammad Shah in battle on the other side and a design and inscription on the base. Other members of the Afshar family also painted similar objects, such as another penbox with a scene of the Last Judgement (Los Angeles, CA, Co. Mus. A., 73.5.159)....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1807, in Sparta (New York); died 1844, in Sparta (New York).

Painter. History painting, religious subjects.

Frederick Style Agate was the elder brother of Alfred Agate and one of the first members of the National Academy of Design in New York. His paintings ...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1857 or 19 November 1859, in Ansager (Jutland); died 1925.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Although Hans Agersnap did execute some portraits and religious paintings, he specialised in studying Denmark and reproduced the steppes of Jutland in various guises. His snow impressions are of particular interest....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...

Article

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1850, in Dombóvár; died 1919.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, animals.

Szolnok Artists' Colony.

Julius Agghazy studied initially at the academy in Vienna, then with Alex von Wagner and subsequently in Paris with Munkácsy. He sent his first picture to the Budapest Exhibition when he was 24. He executed a series of religious paintings portraying ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1777, in Cremona; died 1857.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, theatre decoration.

Agostino Aglio trained in Milan at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera. In 1803 he went to England to collaborate with William Wilkins, the architect, on a work concerning the antiquities of ancient Greece, which was published in ...