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Article

Thorsten Opper

Elaborate monument erected by Octavian (later Augustus) in 29–27 bc on the Preveza Peninsula in Western Greece, north of the present-day town of Preveza, overlooking Cape Actium, to commemorate his naval victory over Mark Antony at Actium in 31 bc. The nearby city of Nikopolis (Gr.: ‘city of victory’) was founded for the same purpose at about the same time.

According to the historian Dio Cassius (Roman History LI.i.3), after his victory Octavian laid a foundation of square stones on the spot where he had pitched his tent, which he then adorned with the captured ships’ rams. On this foundation, according to Dio, Octavian established an open-air shrine dedicated to Apollo. Suetonius (Augustus xviii.2) and Strabo (Geography VII.vii.6) corroborate this evidence, although the trophy itself (with the ships’ rams) was, according to Suetonius, dedicated to Poseidon and Mars, presumably for their help during the battle. The hill itself was, according to Strabo, sacred to Apollo, and therefore the shrine was dedicated to him....

Article

2nd century, male.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

According to an inscription from Delos, Adamas, an Athenian active at the end of the 2nd century BC, and his brothers Dionysodorus and Moschion made a statue ( Isis?) that was erected in Athens.

Article

1st century, male.

Born to a family originally from Ephesus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agasias was a sculptor active in the first half of the 1st century BC. According to inscriptions from Delos, he made a number of portrait sculptures for the agora of that city. Two bases signed by him were found in the sanctuary dedicated to Poseidon on the island of Tenos. The inscriptions indicate that they supported a bronze group representing the ...

Article

1st century, male.

Born to a family originally from Ephesus.

Agasias is best known for the statue of the Borghese Warrior, now in the Louvre (a copy of a bronze original of the school of Lysippus or derived from an original from Pergamum). The letter forms date the inscription to the 1st century BC....

Article

2nd century, male.

Born to a family originally from Boeotia.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agatharchus' name appears in an inscription from the mid-2nd century BC found in the sanctuary of Amphiaraus at Oropus.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active in the first half of the second century BC.

Born to a family originally from Soloi.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The signature of Agathocles was found at Rhodes.

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and the beginning of the 1st century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agathocles is known from two inscriptions from the Acropolis at Lindos, one dated 104 BC, and the other (a statue of Timachidas son of Hagesitimus) from the time of the First Mithridatic War (88-84 BC)....

Article

2nd century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd century BC.

Born to a family originally from Messene.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The name of Agias appears on the base of a statue at Olympia.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 2nd century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Agorallus' name is known from three signatures from Delos.

Article

1st century, male.

Born to a family originally from Antioch in Meandrus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The letter forms of two signatures of Alexander seem to date them to the beginning of the 1st century BC. Some scholars have sought to link a base bearing the name Alexander (a Melos-style inscription) in the Louvre with the plinth of the ...

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 1st century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Ammonius' name appears in an inscription from Delos. A damaged inscription from Athens, dating from 101 BC, may also be his.

Article

2nd century, male.

Sculptor.

Greco-Roman Antiquity.

With his father Phidias, Ammonius made a basalt statue of a crouching Monkey, discovered in the great Serapeum in Rome. The inscription dates the work to AD 159.

Article

5th century, male.

Active at the time of Septimus Severus.

Sculptor.

Greco-Roman Antiquity.

A crudely carved statuette of a woman, found at Siout (Lycopolis), bears Ammonius' signature.

Article

2nd century, male.

Active in the time of Hadrian.

Born to a family originally from Miletus.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Anaximenes made the statue of the proconsul Q. Caecilius Rufus for Gortyn (in Crete), of which the inscription still remains.

Article

2nd – 1st century, male.

Active at the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

An inscription tells us that Andragoras made a portrait statue of Stratocles, son of Cairogenes, for Astypalaea.

Article

1st century, male.

Active in the first half of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Andragoras' signature was found on an inscription from Rhodes of c. 75 BC.

Article

1st century, male.

Active in the middle of the 1st century BC.

Born in Rhodes.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Andragoras' name appears on a white marble base from the Acropolis of Lindos (for a statue in honour of Eupolemus, son of Eupolemus). The sculptor may be the son of Andragoras, son of Aristomenes....

Article

Andreas  

2nd century, male.

Sculptor in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

According to an inscription from Olympia, Andreas and his brother Aristomachus made a statue of Q. Marcius Philippus (consul in 176 and 169 BC) offered by the Achaean League. Another inscription of unknown origin states that the same artists made a statue of a certain Timeas, son of Hagias, to be placed in a sanctuary. The text refers to the sculptors as being 'of Kaunos', but that may mean that they were honorary citizens of that town. It is not clear whether this Andreas was the same as the artist from Argos who made the bronze statue of Lysippus of Elea, victor of the children's wrestling competition, for Olympia. Either way, the name Andreas marks the renaissance of bronze statuary in Argos in the 2nd century BC....

Article

1st century, male.

Active in the time of Hadrian.

Born to a family originally from Aphrodisias in Caria.

Sculptor.

Ancient Roman.

The remains of a Group in marble (Zeus, Poseidon, Helios, Heracles) by Flavius Andronicus, working with a relative, were found in Rome. They are now in the Glyptotek Ny Carlsberg in Copenhagen. The baroque style of the work is reminiscent of the ...

Article

Antaeus  

2nd century, male.

Sculptor in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

Antaeus is mentioned by Pliny as being one of the artists at the 156th Olympian Games. With him came an important renewal of artistic activity in Greece in the mid-2nd century BC.