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Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 13 November 1914, in Fulham, London; died 12 June 2000, in Aberdeen.

Painter, lithographer, wood engraver, poet. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits.

Leonard Appelbee studied under Clive Gardiner at Goldsmiths College from 1931 to 1934, and under Barnett Freedman at the Royal College of Art ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1883, in Brussels; died 1975.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, medallist. Landscapes, still-lifes.

De Bast attended the École St-Luc and the art academies of Brussels and Mechelen. He became head of production at the national stamp printing studio of Belgium.

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Leeds.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

From 1967 to 1974, Glen Baxter studied at the Victoria and Albert Museum. From 1974 to 1986, he was an assistant art lecturer at Goldsmiths College, London. Unlike the many contemporary artists who have been inspired by American cartoon strips, Baxter - like the French painter Jean Le Gac - takes his inspiration from European cartoons that appeared in the press in the 1930s and 1940s. His drawings were first published in various small collections in New York and in an album in Amsterdam. He also works in oil but it is his drawings that have been most widely disseminated in albums, on postcards and even in calendars. His work has been published in the ...

Article

Francis Summers

(b West Hartlepool, Cleveland, Jan 9, 1935).

English painter and printmaker. He studied at West Hartlepool College of Art (1950–55) and at the Royal Academy Schools, London, from 1957 to 1961. He taught at Goldsmiths’ College, London, for much of the 1980s and 90s. An initial interest in the paintings of Walter Richard Sickert gave way to influences from the late work of Picasso and paintings by the New York artists associated with Abstract Expressionism. Beattie’s mature work can be situated within the context of the abstraction practised by other English painters such as John Hoyland, Albert Irvin and Gillian Ayres, all of whose sensual and physical use of paint owes some allegiance to the recent American tradition. Beattie’s work of the 1980s was very gestural and characterized by its use of dark colours, as in Circus (1984; London, Tate). He later became interested in dividing the pictorial space into defined sections. The abstract forms that Beattie used were often organized into shapes resembling ziggurats, as in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Bradford.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Figures, portraits.

Tony Bevan was educated at Bradford School of Art (1968-1971), Goldsmiths College (1971-1974) and the Slade School of Fine Art (1974-1976).

Bevan has been compared to Francis Bacon, Edvard Munch and Philip Guston. He paints the human form, depicting extreme psychological states of anxiety and alienation, yet concentrating as much on the body as on the face. Using charcoal, he draws straight onto the wet canvas to create densely worked areas which contrast with flat expanses of strong colour in acrylic. Heavy outlines in red or black show the structures of the body beneath the skin, so that the figures seem to be covered in scars. This imparts a rough physicality to the figures, which seem deformed and haggard, recalling the suffering faces of the French writer and actor Antonin Artaud; but in their stylisation the lines also take on a life of their own as abstract forms. The starkness of portrayal can be viewed as aggressive or confrontational, but the figures also appear vulnerable, with a focus on the more fragile parts of the body, such as the neck, wrists or insides of the arms....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Animals. Medals.

The son of an architect, and a gifted student of chemical engineering, Jacques Birr discovered painting at a very young age. As a Bachelor of Science, he pursued a career in the printed fabrics sector of industry. In ...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1952, in Benicarlo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, medallist. Landscapes with figures, urban landscapes. Statuettes.

Jorge Borras trained at the Real Academia Catalana de Bellas Artes de San Jorge in Barcelona. He is general secretary of the association of Spanish artists and intellectuals in France. Borras specialised in statuettes of young women captured in everyday postures. A certain softness of form is balanced by graceful signs of movement. For the Paris Mint, he created a medallion of Pope Benedict XIII, the last Avignon pope....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1900, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman, ceramicist, lithographer, monotype artist.

Borsi became interested in painting from 1916 and participated in the Futurist movement while studying to be a goldsmith. In 1920, he moved to Scandinavia where he lived for five years, working in interior design and studying ceramics. His work was exhibited in Copenhagen. In ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Born 13 August 1906, in Nagyszeben (now Sibiu, Romania).

Painter (gouache), sculptor, engraver, medallist.

European School.

Miklos Borsos belonged to the important movement known as the European School. By seeking the sort of balance that might be described as classical, his work drew upon a Mediterranean inspiration. Those works of his in which the real subject is reduced to a limpidity of elementary shapes are clearly evocative of Brancusi. He started by exhibiting gouaches and engravings and only showed sculptures in ...

Article

S. Kontha

[Nicolas]

(b Nagyszeben [now Sibiu, Romania], Aug 13, 1906; d Budapest, Jan 27, 1990).

Hungarian sculptor, medallist, draughtsman, engraver and painter. In 1922 he moved from Transylvania to Győr, Hungary, where, while preparing to become a painter, he learnt the craft of goldsmithing and engraving from his father. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, in 1928–9. He also spent considerable time during these years in Italy and southern France. His taste was influenced mainly by Classical work. The drawings and paintings from this period can be regarded as preparation for his career as a sculptor, although it was not until the early 1930s that he took up full-time sculpting. At first he produced copper embossings. In 1938 a trip to Transylvania inspired him to create larger copper reliefs, such as Women Hired to Mourn (1939; Pécs, Pannonius Mus.). His first stone statue Mother (Győr, Xantus János Mus.) was sculpted in 1933. Partly because of the nature of the material, and also because of his deep knowledge of ancient Egyptian and Greek sculpture, his figure sculptures are built from basic, essential forms. His success as a sculptor enabled him in ...

Article

Hilary Pyle

(b Dublin, Nov 27, 1936).

Irish painter, sculptor and printmaker. He studied at the National College of Art in Dublin and St Martin’s School of Art and Goldsmith’s College in London. His early paintings, which included landscapes such as Winter (c. 1966; Dublin, Allied Irish Bank) and life-size nude self-portraits, were indebted to German Expressionism and to the work of Alberto Giacometti in their warm-toned colours and loose application of paint or pastel. These were followed by painted and sculpted portraits of his wife and friends in bronze or fibreglass, such as Head of L.T. (1971; Dublin, Dawson Gal.). From 1971 he concentrated on a recurring image of a small, primitive sculpture as a sign for himself, reduced in mocking fashion to a formalized bust or head. He related this fascination with identity to the character of Don Quixote, for example in the painted wood sculpture Don Quixote (1980–81; Dublin, Allied Irish Bank); sometimes he conceived of this image as two selves, as in the etching ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 July 1839, in Mortagne; died 13 July 1909, in Paris.

Sculptor, medallist, draughtsman, lithographer. Busts.

Chaplain, a pupil of Jouffroy and Oudiné, was primarily known as a medal engraver. However, he also produced some remarkable busts. As a respected print engraver, he was a member of the engraving and lithography jury at the Exposition Universelle in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 10 June 1953, in Glossop (Derbyshire).

Print artist, painter, watercolourist, pastellist, draughtswoman.

Eileen Cooper studied at Goldsmith's College in London (1971-1974) and at the Royal College of Art (1974-1977). She was elected a member of the Royal Academy in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1867, in Annecy; died after 1926.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, medallist, illustrator, art writer. Portraits, scenes with figures.

André Charles Coppier exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français and at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, of which he was a member. He was awarded silver at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in ...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Active from 1912 in France; naturalised from 1926.

Born 22 October 1883, in Boskovice; died 17 October 1969, in Marseilles, France.

Painter, engraver (etching), illustrator, sculptor. Figures, nudes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes (flowers). Busts, low reliefs, medals.

Osma Group (The Eight)...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 February 1865, in Munich; died 1954.

Painter, illustrator, engraver, medallist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

After doing an apprenticeship with an engraver Maximilian Dasio entered the Munich academy in 1884, where he studied under Heterich and W. von Diez. Following the success of his sets for the Deutsches Theater, he obtained a scholarship which enabled him to stay in Rome. On his return to Munich he became a teacher at the Damenakademie from ...

Article

Philip Attwood

(b Munich, Feb 28, 1865; d Oberammergau, Aug 17, 1954).

German painter, medallist, designer and illustrator. He trained as a painter in the Munich Akademie from 1884, and initially won fame in this art with large decorative schemes on mythological or religious themes (e.g. Bacchanal, c. 1888; Munich, Villa Schülein) and portraits painted in a broad, realistic manner (e.g. Elise Meier-Siel, 1889; Munich, Schack-Gal.). He taught at the Munich Kunstgewerbeschule from 1902 to 1910. In 1905 he taught himself die-engraving and began making struck and cast medals, producing in all some 200, which combine his decorative abilities with the harsher style of his younger contemporaries (e.g. the bronze medal of Anton von Knoezinger, 1907; see 1985 exh. cat., no. 23). In 1907 and 1927 he produced models for coinage. Dasio also worked as a poster designer and book illustrator, as well as designing for stained glass and jewellery. The decorative symbolism of his earlier work in black and white (e.g. the cover for ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 26 January 1902, in Nevers.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Medals.

Georgette Daveline was a pupil of N. Dubois. She made her debut at the Salon of the Société des Artistes Français in 1923.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1916, in Hanoi, Vietnam; died 1988.

Painter, engraver (wood/copper), illustrator. Murals, designs for mosaics, stage costumes and sets, posters, comic strips, decorative designs, medals, postage stamps.

After studying at the school of fine arts in Hanoi in 1935...