Canadian partnership of conceptual artists working as performance artists, video artists, photographers and sculptors. It was formed in 1968 by A. A. Bronson [pseud. of Michael Tims] (b Vancouver, 1946), Felix Partz [pseud. of Ron Gabe] (b Winnipeg, 1945) and Jorge Zontal [pseud. of Jorge Saia] (b Parma, Italy, 1944; d Feb 1994). Influenced by semiotics and working in various media, they sought to examine and subvert social structures, taking particular interest in the products of mass culture. Their existence as a group, each with an assumed name, itself undermined the traditional notion of the solitary artist of genius. In 1972 they began publishing a quarterly journal, File, to publicize their current interests and work. In the 1970s they concentrated on beauty parades, starting in 1970 with the 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant, a performance at the Festival of Underground Theatre in Toronto that mocked the clichés surrounding the beauty parade, resulting in the nomination of Miss General Idea ...
(b Bethlehem, 1970).
Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....
British, 20th – 21st century, male.
Active in New York from 1973.
Born 14 April 1946, in London.
Installation artist, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.
Anthony McCall studied at the Ravensbourne College of Art and Design from 1964 to 1968. He makes films.
1973, 1975, Paris Biennale
1975, Konsthall, Malmö
1976, Palazzo Reale, Milan
1976, Venice Biennale
2001, Into the Light: The Projected Image in American Art 1964-1977, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (travelling exhibition)
2002, Shoot Shoot Shoot: The First Decade of the London Film-Makers, Tate Modern, London (travelling exhibition)
2004, Eyes, Lies & Illusions, Hayward Gallery, London
2007, Held Together with Water: Art from the Sammlung Verbund, Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna
2007, Project, Transform, Erase: Anthony McCall and Imi Knoebel, Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
2008, The Cinema Effect, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC
2008, Geometry in Motion 1920s/1970s, Museum of Modern Art, New York...
Deborah A. Middleton
(b Fort Wayne, IN, Dec 6, 1941).
American conceptual artist. Recognized as one of the most influential, innovative, and provocative 20th century American artists, Nauman extended the media of sculpture, film, video, photography, and sound with performance and spatial explorations. Nauman attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison from 1960 to 1964, with early studies in mathematics and physics, which broadened to the study of art under Italo Scanga (1932–2001). He received a master’s degree in Fine Art from the University of California, Davis in 1966 under William T. Wiley, Robert Arneson, Frank Owen (b 1939), and Stephen Kaltenbach (b 1940) and honorary degrees from the San Francisco Art Institute (1989) and California Institute of Art (2000). In 1966 he began to teach at the San Francisco Art Institute.
Nauman’s interactive artworks and performances explore the syntactical nuances of language, text, and figurative gesture to create material culture and in-between places, which often result in a heightened sense of physical and emotional awareness. Nauman’s artistic explorations of spatial perception, bodily consciousness, physical and mental activity, and linguistic manipulation were demonstrated in interactive spatial compositions that accentuated various relationships between the human body and built environments. Early works included body castings and holographic self-images with subsequent works situating the viewer within their own mental and bodily perceptions. In ...