Grove Art Editorial and Image Policies

Editorial Policy

Grove Art contains the full text of The Dictionary of Art (1996, 34 volumes) and is updated on an ongoing basis with revisions, updates, and newly commissioned material. Through the participation and support of the international community, Grove Art continues to expand the content in this resource renowned for its comprehensive, authoritative, and current scholarship. We are committed to adding new material in key areas of interest, updating and revising existing articles, and improving functionality and design in order to further develop this resource for our readership. Grove Art is dedicated to presenting a global history of art that is inclusive, multicultural, international, and diverse. With gratitude for the expertise shared by thousands of scholars around the world, we work to keep Grove Art a vital reference and learning resource for all audiences.

The scholars on Grove’s editorial and advisory boards guide new commissioning and site development. Suggestions for new entries are submitted to area experts and board members for their review. The board members advise on the academic, curatorial, educational, and library needs for this resource, including practical matters such as functionality, design, image copyright, and other online publishing issues. Advisory or guest editors oversee major updates in specific subject areas and serve in this capacity on a project-by-project basis. The commissioning process is managed by a team of editors in-house at OUP. Every article, whether new or revised, receives peer review before publication. We collaborate with contributors and editors around the world to add new material and improve existing content. Over the past three decades, over 7,000 scholars have built Grove Art into the resource it is today.

The first entries for The Dictionary of Art were commissioned in the late 1980s. With a resource of this age, it is as important to update existing entries as it is to add new ones. The editors maintain a careful process to ensure that updates to the texts are carried out with clarity in authorship while maintaining the highest academic standard. We reach out regularly to existing authors to solicit updates to their entries. (If you are an author who would like to update your texts, please write to us at If we haven't written to you, it's possible we have not been able to locate your current contact information.) For articles which no longer have an active supervising author, we seek new scholars to take over care of the topic in the dictionary. When an article is revised by a new author, we archive the original entry, so that readers can consult the original and the updated entry side by side. By preserving both versions, readers can determine which words came from the original author and which were added by the updater. The name of the reviser is added to the credit line: “Jane Smith, updated by Brian Jones.” Sometimes an updating author chooses to rewrite the entry entirely rather than adjust the text to reflect current developments, and in that case, we archive the original entry, and it can still be consulted in the dictionary online as a previous version. Uncredited updates were made in the past in cases where an update only to the bibliography is requested by the supervising scholar. More recent editorial policy has been introduced to document all updates and authors involved. Our goal is to track and display authorship as faithfully and clearly as possible.

Grove Art follows a unique house style that was developed exclusively for The Dictionary of Art. In the years ahead, we will transition our entries to a more universal style, based in large part on the Chicago Manual of Style. From the original house style, we will retain some of the art-specific conventions, for which, in many cases, no authority beyond our own dictionary exists. As we make this transition, there will be a mix of articles in the old and new styles, most noticeable in the formatting of bibliographies and in the presence of articles in both British and American English. The editorial team apologizes for the temporary inconsistency, but we feel it will be worth the switch, making the dictionary easier to use in the long term. The updated style will support Grove’s contemporary identity as a web-based resource, an evolution from the original print.

Image Policy

Grove Art is not an image provider and therefore cannot grant permissions or advise on issues of rights and usage. Please contact the image providers and copyright holders cited in the captions directly if you wish to use art images for anything other than personal or educational purposes. Please see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice for more information. Resources on image copyright and fair use in the US can be found at Intellectual Property and the Visual Arts on the College Art Association’s website.

Images are crucial to the study of the history of art and vital to the growth of this resource. Through partnerships with major organizations such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the British Museum, MOMA, Bridgeman Images, Art Resource, Art Images for College Teaching, Artists Rights Society, as well as numerous international galleries and individual artists, Grove Art now offers over 6,000 art images, maps, and line drawings displayed in the text of articles.  Grove Art also directs users to more than 40,000 editorially selected museum and gallery websites through our art image links. The art image links are reviewed regularly by the editorial staff; broken links occur from time to time as external sites relaunch or change, and these must be corrected manually. Please report any broken or misdirected image links to the editor at

Organizations that have made large numbers of images available within Grove Art have required specific photo credit lines which have been included in the relevant image captions and are listed here: image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art; photo © The Museum of Modern Art; photo © The British Museum; photo © Allan T. Kohl/AICT; and © Artists Rights Society, NY. With the exception of fair use, fair dealing laws in certain jurisdictions, reproduction, including downloading, of Artists Rights Society (ARS) members’ works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society, New York.

The generous contribution of images and permission by authors, artists, and galleries helps us offer outstanding visual support for important texts. We invite contributors to donate art images to be included in their articles. We may only accept images for which the contributor has cleared all permissions for worldwide, perpetual online use in Grove Art. We are also interested in forming new partnerships with museums and institutions for images and stable image links. We hope these partnerships will increase community awareness of and interest in these valuable collections and educational resources. If you wish to donate images or discuss partnership possibilities, please email the editor for details at