Sztuka [Association of Polish Artists ‘Art’; Towarzystwo Artystów olskich ‘Sztuka’]
- Anna Brzyski
[Association of Polish Artists ‘Art’; Towarzystwo Artystów olskich ‘Sztuka’]
Polish exhibition society, active from 1897 to 1937. Commonly referred to by the abbreviated form Sztuka, the society was founded by a group of Polish painters who belonged to the first generation of Polish modernists known collectively as Young Poland (see Kraków, §II, 2). Its main goal was to promote development of Polish modern art through exhibitions of works by members and invited artists. The impetus for the founding of the society was provided by the reorganization of the Krakow School of Fine Arts in 1895 (see Poland, Republic of, §XIV, 3) by its newly appointed director Fałat, Julian, who brought in a number of modernist artists as faculty members. In addition to Fałat, Stanisławski, Jan, Teodor Axentowicz (1859–1938), Malczewski, Jacek, Wyczółkowski, Leon, Wyspiański, Stanisław, and Mehoffer, Józef, all of whom were affiliated with the School of Fine Arts, the founding members of Sztuka included ...