Kinetic art in America [Kineticism]
- Laura E. Leaper
Kinetic art is the term applied to art that is made up of moving parts that are activated either by natural elements or by motor. Some forms of kinetic art include parts that require the spectator’s participation, where the viewer manipulates elements of the artwork. Other kinds of kinetic art rely on the placement of movable patterned, colored or textured elements in such a way that when the spectator moves in front of the object, an optical effect is produced which the viewer interprets as motion. Latin American artists Jesús Soto, Carlos Cruz-Diez and Gego were leaders in this kind of illusionary kinetic art. An example is Soto’s Vibration (La boîte) (1962) in which he suspended wires at different angles and of varying colors and lengths in front of a striped background to produce a moiré, or vibrating, effect when the viewer moved in front of the object. Other forms of kinetic art are mobiles, which are objects with multiple sculpted elements suspended from wire. One of the most well known American kinetic artists is ...