- Francis Summers
(b Worcester, MA, 1938; d New York, Feb 8, 2014).
American land artist. Holt completed a Bachelor of Science degree at Tufts University, Medford, MA, before becoming an artist. Her interest in science became a key element in her art, in which she investigated the physical attributes of perception. Early works, such as Views through a Sand Dune (1972; see T. Castle, ‘Nancy Holt, Siteseer’, A. America, March 1982, p. 88) were simple interventions into the landscape that enhanced or altered the viewer’s experience of that environment. Holt’s first major work, the mighty Sun Tunnels (1973–9, see ‘Sun Tunnels’, Artforum, 15, April 1977, pp. 32–7), was constructed in the Great Basin Desert in north-west Utah. Consisting of four huge tunnels made from highway conduit, they are aligned in an axis to frame the rising and setting sun on the horizon on the two yearly solstices. Continuing the astrological theme, each tunnel was drilled through with a pattern of holes, each in the configuration of a star constellation: Draco, Perseus, Columba, and Capricorn. Holt also made several videotapes and films, some with her husband, ...