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date: 04 December 2020

Ugarit [Ougarit; now Ras Shamra]locked

  • Annie Caubet

Extract

[Ougaritnow Ras Shamra]

Levantine city on the Mediterranean coast of Syria, 11 km north of Latakia, which flourished in the 2nd millennium BCE. The tell of Ras Shamra rises 20 m above a fertile plain bounded to the east by the Jabal al-Ansariya range and to the north by the Jabal Akra (the Mount Cassius of the Ancients, or Mount Sapun of the Ugarit texts). The plain is watered by a large number of perennial wadis, the mouths of which form well-sheltered bays. The site of ancient Ugarit was discovered in 1929. A French archaeological expedition under the direction of Claude Schaeffer first explored the harbor area at Minet el Beida then the tell, 1 km inland at Ras Shamra. Exploration resumed at Ras Shamra after World War II and at the neighboring site on the Ibn Hani headland. The ongoing exploration by a joint Syro-French expedition was interrupted by the civil war in ...

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