Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 04 December 2020

Ugarit [Ougarit; now Ras Shamra]locked

  • Annie Caubet


[Ougaritnow Ras Shamra]

Levantine city on the Mediterranean coast of Syria, 11 km north of Latakia, which flourished in the 2nd millennium BCE. The tell of Ras Shamra rises 20 m above a fertile plain bounded to the east by the Jabal al-Ansariya range and to the north by the Jabal Akra (the Mount Cassius of the Ancients, or Mount Sapun of the Ugarit texts). The plain is watered by a large number of perennial wadis, the mouths of which form well-sheltered bays. The site of ancient Ugarit was discovered in 1929. A French archaeological expedition under the direction of Claude Schaeffer first explored the harbor area at Minet el Beida then the tell, 1 km inland at Ras Shamra. Exploration resumed at Ras Shamra after World War II and at the neighboring site on the Ibn Hani headland. The ongoing exploration by a joint Syro-French expedition was interrupted by the civil war in ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.