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date: 20 September 2019

Piper, F(redrik) M(agnus)locked

(b Uppsala, April 3, 1746; d Stockholm, Jan 22, 1824).
  • Magnus Olausson

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(b Uppsala, April 3, 1746; d Stockholm, Jan 22, 1824).

Swedish garden designer and architect. After studying mathematics and hydrostatics at Uppsala University and art at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Stockholm, in 1773 he went to England to study landscape gardening with William Chambers. In 1774 he received a state scholarship, which enabled him to study architecture and garden design in France, after which he spent three years in Italy. Piper returned to England in 1778 to complete his training in garden design. He had returned to Sweden by 1780, and he soon became Surveyor to the royal household, in which capacity he made plans for landscape gardens at Drottningholm and Haga. However, he was responsible for the laying-out only of the latter, which was his masterpiece. Piper also created several remarkable gardens for wealthy officials and financiers. Several projects for public gardens in Stockholm proposed after his second stay in England (1793–4) reveal the taste for a return to formality. Piper did not originally introduce the English garden-type into Sweden, but it was mainly through his efforts that it acquired its mature form there. The few buildings designed by Piper, such as the houses of Listonhill (...

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