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date: 09 April 2020

Niemeyer (Soares Filho), Oscarlocked

(b Rio de Janeiro, Dec 15, 1907; d Rio de Janeiro, Dec 5, 2012).
  • Julio Roberto Katinsky
  • , revised by Adrian Anagost

Extract

(b Rio de Janeiro, Dec 15, 1907; d Rio de Janeiro, Dec 5, 2012).

Brazilian architect. He developed an expressive and sometimes controversial style in a large volume of architectural work executed in Brazil and internationally from 1935 though the 1990s. Best known for the iconic, monumental buildings he designed for Brazil’s capital, Brasília (1956–1960), he sculpted reinforced concrete into dramatic curves, creating a uniquely Brazilian take on Modernist architecture.

He studied architecture at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro (1929–1934), where he was influenced by the Modernist teaching introduced by Lúcio Costa during his reforms in 1930–1931. After graduating, Niemeyer worked in the studio of Costa and Carlos Azevedo Leão (1906–1971) and later, for a short period, in the government’s preservationist agency Serviço do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (SPHAN), also with Costa; the latter’s valorization of Portuguese colonial architecture as a source for Brazilian Modernism was an early influence on Niemeyer. In 1936...

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