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date: 01 June 2020

Lucius [Sövenbürger], Jakob, Ilocked

(b ?Kronstadt, Transylvania [now Braşov, Romania], c. 1530; d Helmstedt, Oct 1597).
  • Michael Eissenhauer


(b ?Kronstadt, Transylvania [now Braşov, Romania], c. 1530; d Helmstedt, Oct 1597).

Hungarian woodcutter, printmaker and printer of German descent, active in Germany. He was probably employed at the printing works of Gáspár Heltai (c. 1520–74) in Klausenburg (now Cluj) from c. 1545 and later probably worked in Nuremberg. From 1555 he lived in Wittenberg, at the same time as Lucas Cranach II. From 1556 he had his own printing works, and in 1564 he was appointed university book printer in Rostock. In 1579, after a dispute with the university, he moved to Helmstedt, still as a university book printer. After his death from bubonic plague, his son Jakob Lucius II (fl 1568–1616) carried on his printing business.

The extent of Lucius’s oeuvre is difficult to ascertain, and any appreciation of his work is dominated by his major standing as a book printer. His woodcuts reflect the influence of Lucas Cranach II and attain especial quality only in his Wittenberg period, in such works as the ...

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Neue deutsche Biographie (Berlin, 1953–)
U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]
F. W. H. Hollstein: German Engravings, Etchings and Woodcuts, c. 1400–1700 (Amsterdam, 1954–)