- Adam Miłobędzki
[Franciscus Florentinus; Francesco Fiorentino]
(flc. 1502–16; d Kraków, Oct 16, 1516).
Italian architect and sculptor, active in Poland. Franciscus Italus, who has been incorrectly identified as Francesco della Lora, joined the court in Kraków of Prince Sigismund (later Sigismund I; see Jagiellon, House of family, §2), whom he had probably met in Hungary, in 1502. His first work, which was also the earliest Renaissance work in Poland, was the tomb (1502–5) of King John I Albert (d 1501) in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków. This work was related to the Florentine type of arcaded wall tomb. Bas-relief arabesques, which cover even the architectural articulation of the tomb, derive from the early Renaissance decorations by Ambrogio d’Antonio Barocci in the palace in Urbino. Related in style are the decorative bow window and window of the west wing of Wawel Castle in Kraków, executed by Franciscus in 1504–6. In connection with the rebuilding of the castle following the accession of Sigismund I (...