Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 January 2020

Crayon mannerlocked

  • Christian Michel

Extract

Type of copperplate-engraving process that reproduces a drawing in chalk or pencil in facsimile. It was invented in the 18th century, but it was superseded by the stipple technique (see Stipple, §1).

The crayon manner aims to imitate drawing as the collection of a multitude of dots corresponding to marks left by a pencil on the grain of paper rather than as an assemblage of lines. It can be executed directly on to the bare copper but is more often prepared by etching. The engraver counterproofs the drawing that he is using as a model (or a copy if he has made one) on to the ground; he then follows the marks of the main contour lines using single or multiple-point punches, or an instrument made of various sized needles fastened together. Rather than tracing a line, dots are hammered out close together right along the line, which gives the contours the grainy appearance of a drawing. The dark masses of shadow and the half-tones are then distributed by using ...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.