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date: 09 May 2021

Crayon mannerlocked

  • Christian Michel


Type of copperplate-engraving process that reproduces a drawing in chalk or pencil in facsimile. It was invented in the 18th century, but it was superseded by the stipple technique (see Stipple, §1).

The crayon manner aims to imitate drawing as the collection of a multitude of dots corresponding to marks left by a pencil on the grain of paper rather than as an assemblage of lines. It can be executed directly on to the bare copper but is more often prepared by etching. The engraver counterproofs the drawing that he is using as a model (or a copy if he has made one) on to the ground; he then follows the marks of the main contour lines using single or multiple-point punches, or an instrument made of various sized needles fastened together. Rather than tracing a line, dots are hammered out close together right along the line, which gives the contours the grainy appearance of a drawing. The dark masses of shadow and the half-tones are then distributed by using ...

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