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<p>&#160;Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use&#160;(for details see Privacy Policy).</p><p>date: 23 July 2019</p>

China, People’s Republic of [Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo]locked

  • Jessica Rawson,
  • Zhou Lijun,
  • William R. Sargent,
  • Henrik H. Sørensen,
  • Sheila S. Blair,
  • Jonathan M. Bloom,
  • Jerome Silbergeld,
  • Peter Hardie,
  • Haiyao Zheng,
  • Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt,
  • Puay-Peng Ho,
  • Bent L. Pedersen,
  • Tan Tanaka,
  • Petra Klose,
  • Frances Wood,
  • Robert L. Thorp,
  • Ann Paludan,
  • Peter Wiedehage,
  • Carol Michaelson,
  • Stephen B. Little,
  • Stephen J. Goldberg,
  • Friedrich Zettl,
  • James Cahill,
  • Caroline Gyss-Vermande,
  • Roderick Whitfield,
  • Michael Sullivan,
  • Susan H. Bush,
  • James Robinson,
  • Maggie Bickford,
  • Robert E. Harrist jr,
  • Richard Vinograd,
  • Ellen Uitzinger,
  • Ann Barrott Wicks,
  • Colin Mackenzie,
  • Robert W. Bagley,
  • Li Xueqin,
  • Jenny F. So,
  • Nigel Wood,
  • Margaret Medley,
  • S. J. Vainker,
  • Mary Tregear,
  • Regina Krahl,
  • Yutaka Mino,
  • Laurence Chi-Sing Tam,
  • Rose Kerr,
  • Guy Raindre,
  • Nicholas Pearce,
  • John Guy,
  • C. J. A. Jörg,
  • Barry Till,
  • Paula Swart,
  • Rosemary Scott,
  • Rosemary Ransome Wallis,
  • Sarah Handler,
  • John E. Vollmer,
  • Albert E. Dien,
  • Sören Edgren,
  • Yang Boda,
  • Joe Cribb,
  • Verity Wilson,
  • Jane Portal,
  • Zhong Hong,
  • Donald B. Wagner,
  • Ho Chuimei,
  • Bent Nielsen,
  • B. V. Gyllensvärd,
  • J. A. Marsh,
  • Cordell D. K. Yee,
  • F. Richard Stephenson,
  • Keith Pratt,
  • Henryk Jurkowski,
  • Jan Chapman,
  • Uta Lauer,
  • Sarah Waldram,
  • Richard Rutt,
  • Mayching Kao,
  • Chu-Tsing Li,
  • Michel Beurdeley,
  • Jessica Harrison-Hall,
  • Basil Gray
  •  and Wang Tao

Extract

[Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo]

Located in eastern Asia, the third largest country in the world in area (9,562,904 sq. km) and the most populous (approx. 1.35 billion people, almost one fifth of the world’s population).

China’s highly developed material culture stretches back as early as the 7th millennium bc, when Neolithic (c. 6500–1600 bc) potters created forms and decorative schemes that would recur throughout the long continuity of Chinese art. The succeeding Bronze Age art of the Shang (c. 1600–c. 1050 bc) and Zhou (c. 1050–256 bc) periods, mostly in the form of cast bronze vessels and carved jades, developed those early decorative schemes into ritual items and potent motifs and carried the craft of bronze-casting, in particular, to the highest levels of technical sophistication. Even in these early periods, calligraphy, in the form of inscriptions on bronze ritual vessels and on oracle bones, played an integral part in Chinese ritual and art. Calligraphers and painters came into their own with the introduction of brush and ink, using composition, line and brushwork to express the emotions of the human spirit, as well as to record narratives of history and religion. Along with the art of poetry, painting and calligraphy were to become the most highly valued of the arts of China....

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