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date: 26 February 2021

Bruegel family [Breughel; Brueghel].locked

  • Alexander Wied
  •  and Hans J. Van Miegroet


[Breughel; Brueghel].

South Netherlandish family of artists. They were active for four generations and were closely related to several other Netherlandish artists’ families (see fig.). The first important member of the family, (1) Pieter Bruegel I, was one of the greatest artists in 16th-century northern Europe. The influence of his work, particularly his allegories and landscapes (some of which were disseminated through engravings), was widespread and long-lasting. Bruegel’s art combines religion, folklore and humanism and falls between the last elements of medieval mysticism of Bosch and the Baroque exuberance of Rubens. His son (2) Pieter Brueghel II is known primarily as his father’s copyist, his works often providing the only evidence of lost compositions by Pieter the elder. Pieter the younger’s son Pieter Brueghel III (1589–c. 1640) became a painter in 1608 and, like his father (although a lesser artist), was known as a copyist, mainly of his grandfather’s work. ...

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F. W. H. Hollstein: Dutch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts, c. 1450–1700 (Amsterdam, 1949–)
U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]
Enciclopedia universale dell’arte, 15 vols (Rome, 1958–67); Eng. trans. as Encyclopedia of World Art (New York, 1959–68)