Show Summary Details

Page of

 Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 August 2019

Bruegel family [Breughel; Brueghel].locked

  • Alexander Wied
  •  and Hans J. Van Miegroet


[Breughel; Brueghel].

South Netherlandish family of artists. They were active for four generations and were closely related to several other Netherlandish artists’ families (see fig.). The first important member of the family, (1) Pieter Bruegel I, was one of the greatest artists in 16th-century northern Europe. The influence of his work, particularly his allegories and landscapes (some of which were disseminated through engravings), was widespread and long-lasting. Bruegel’s art combines religion, folklore and humanism and falls between the last elements of medieval mysticism of Bosch and the Baroque exuberance of Rubens. His son (2) Pieter Brueghel II is known primarily as his father’s copyist, his works often providing the only evidence of lost compositions by Pieter the elder. Pieter the younger’s son Pieter Brueghel III (1589–c. 1640) became a painter in 1608 and, like his father (although a lesser artist), was known as a copyist, mainly of his grandfather’s work. ...

Access to the complete content on Grove Art Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.

U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]
Enciclopedia universale dell’arte, 15 vols (Rome, 1958–67); Eng. trans. as Encyclopedia of World Art (New York, 1959–68)
F. W. H. Hollstein: Dutch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts, c. 1450–1700 (Amsterdam, 1949–)