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date: 22 September 2019


  • Neil R. Bingham


Town and seaside resort in West Sussex, England. It originated in the medieval fishing village of Brighthelmstone, becoming a fashionable resort from the 1750s. The town achieved its greatest artistic significance under the patronage of the Prince Regent (later King George IV; reg 1820–30) from the late 18th century. Brighton contains several outstanding Victorian churches and, with the contiguous town of Hove, has some fine streets of 19th-century houses. The University of Sussex, designed by Basil Spence, was founded at Falmer, north of the town, in 1961.

The remnants of the original village survive in the twisting alleys of the Lanes, where the walls of many buildings are patterned in local flint and cobblestones. The 14th-century parish church of St Nicholas (altered 1850s by R. C. Carpenter) is situated above the old town on a hill that once commanded views across the English Channel and the South Downs. East of this area is the Old Steine, an open garden space....

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