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date: 16 December 2019

Brazil [Brasil], Federal Republic oflocked

  • Roberto Pontual,
  • Cécile Fromont,
  • Cláudia Costa Cabral,
  • Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos,
  • Christopher Hartop,
  • Glauco Adorno,
  • Claudia Mattos Avolese
  •  and Liliana Herrera


South American country. It is in the center of the eastern side of the continent, bounded by all other South American countries except Chile and Ecuador. Geographic regions of Brazil include the equatorial north, containing the Amazon basin, extensive and scantily populated; the northeast, with a semi-arid interior reaching to the coast and a relatively dense but poor population; the southeast, populous and highly developed, with the main cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro; the southern plateaux, occupied mainly by landowners of European origin; and the central plateaux, the western part of which contains the swampy depression of the Mato Grosso irrigated by the basin of the River Paraguay. The vegetation is essentially tropical, with rainforests in the north, pine forests in the south, caatinga (brushwood) in the arid northeast interior, and savanna grasslands in the center and south. Although its area of c. 8,512,000 sq. km takes up almost half the continent (...

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