(b Wandbek, Sept 9, 1820; d Kassel, June 11, 1864).
German architect and writer. He was among the foremost architects of the German Gothic Revival and played a major role in applying the ideas of the Rhenish Gothic Revival to Protestant church architecture. Ungewitter was one of the first doctrinaire Gothic Revivalists to teach in a German architectural school, and his students figured prominently in the movement in the late 19th century. His buildings, books and published projects helped to establish high standards of workmanship and archaeological exactitude in church design.
Ungewitter studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich (1838–42) and afterwards worked in the office of Friedrich Bürklein. He moved to Hamburg after the great fire of 1842, working first for the architect J. H. Klees-Wülbern and later forming a partnership with Gustav Martens. He gradually progressed beyond the Rundbogenstil training of his Munich years (which favoured an eclectic mix of Romanesque and Renaissance elements) to work in an indigenous north German brick idiom. He developed a personal style, more dependent on forms of brick construction (corbelling, diapering, jambs and friezes of moulded brick, pilaster strips and recessed blind arches) than on Gothic ecclesiastical architecture and inspired by the local work of Alexis de Chateauneuf and Theodor Bülau. Influenced by August Reichensperger, Ungewitter renounced the ...