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Saitō, Yoshishige  

Shin’ichiro Osaki

(b Tokyo, May 4, 1904; d Yokohama, June 13, 2001).

Japanese painter and sculptor. Self-taught as an artist, in the 1920s he met David Burlyuk and others involved with such movements as Futurism, Constructivism and Dada. From 1931 Saitō concentrated on a career as an artist, initially producing Constructivist reliefs. At that time a celebrated incident occurred when he refused to exhibit pieces at the Nikakai (Second Division Society) exhibition on the grounds that his pieces were neither painting nor sculpture: he was first chosen for the Nikakai exhibition in 1936. In 1938, together with Jirō Yoshihara and Takeo Yamaguchi (1902–83), he established the ‘Room Nine Society’ (Kyūshitsukai) with artists of the Nikakai whose works tended towards abstraction. He collaborated on Toro-wood, a series of reliefs (c. 1939) destroyed in World War II (for reconstruction see 1984 exh. cat., p. 54). During the war he was persecuted by the military authorities for his avant-garde activities....

Article

Huang Yong Ping  

Melissa Chiu

revised by Mael Bellec

(b Xiamen, Feb 19, 1954. d Ivry-sur-Seine, Oct 19, 2019).

Chinese installation artist, active also in France. Huang Yong Ping studied at the Zhejiang Fine Arts Academy (now the China Academy of Art) in Hangzhou, graduating in 1982. In 1986 he became one of the founders of Xiamen Dada, a group of artists famous for having burned their paintings after an exhibition (e.g. Event, 1986). This performance event and the group’s other activities were part of a broader national trend—known as the 1985 New Wave Movement—when a younger generation of artists began to experiment with all manner of styles and influences from outside China. Inspired by Chan Buddhism, Dadaism, John Cage, and Joseph Beuys’s works, Huang Yong Ping stood out for his conceptual approach and professed wariness toward art as a set value and a predefined concept. This philosophy led him to notably use chance and divination methods in his creation processes (e.g. Roulette Wheel: Four Paintings Created According to Random Instructions...