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Dianne Timmerman and Frank van den Hoek

(b Amsterdam, Feb 1, 1891; d Amsterdam, May 5, 1951).

Dutch architect and writer. He studied civil engineering at the Technische Hogeschool, Delft, graduating in 1916. For a period he was editor of the architectural periodical Bouwkundig Weekblad, his articles revealing an admiration for Le Corbusier and Ernst May, particularly the latter’s efficient manner of working. He left the journal in 1924 because of its insufficient coverage of Functionalism. Between 1919 and 1926 he worked for the Department of Public Works in Amsterdam, mainly in the idiom of the Amsterdam school, for example a telephone exchange (1923) in East Amsterdam. His later projects, for example the houses (1927–8) in Aalsmeerderstraat and Sassenheimstraat, Amsterdam, are simpler, more rigid and make more use of glass. In 1928 Boeken joined the Amsterdam Functionalists of Architectengroep de 8 8, but he left before 1931. As a member of the main Dutch architectural society, Architectura et Amicitia, he supported Arthur Staal, who tried to push the society in the direction of Functionalism. In ...


Radomíra Sedláková

(b Prague, March 15, 1884; d Prague, Nov 3, 1971).

Czech architect, theorist, historian, editor and teacher. He graduated in architecture (1912) from the Czech Technical University, Prague, where he studied under Josef Schulz and Jan Koula (1855–1919). In 1921 he became President of the Architects’ Club and from 1923 he was responsible for publishing Stavba, which became one of the leading European avant-garde journals in support of the new Functionalist architecture. Starý was also the author of the manifesto ‘The New architecture’, in which he underlined its main objectives; these included the importance of construction instead of decoration in line with principles of science and modern design. In 1934 Starý became President of the Block of Progressive Architectural Groups (BAPS) and in 1938 he became editor-in-chief of Architektura, which resulted from the merging of the monthly architectural journals published within BAPS. Starý’s own architectural work developed from a series of Functionalist family houses, including three built at the Werkbund Exhibition (...