(b Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, Nov 23, 1883; d Mexico City, Sept 7, 1949).
Mexican painter and draughtsman. He was one of the three most important Mexican mural painters, and his expressionist style has been particularly influential among younger generations of international mural artists. He also produced a large body of caricatures and drawings, as well as easel works.
Orozco was born into a middle-class family, and his early education was not centred on art. He was awakened to it as a student in Mexico City during the early 1890s, when he encountered José Guadalupe Posada and his popular satirical prints. Orozco studied architecture at evening classes in the Academia de S Carlos, but from 1897 to 1904 he trained as an agronomist and cartographer. He lost his left hand and his hearing and sight were impaired in an explosion during his early adolescence; the resentments and realism caused by physical handicaps affected both his political and artistic thinking.
He entered the Academia formally in ...