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Christiaan Schuckman

(fl after Alkmaar, 1698; d Alkmaar, June 18, 1730).

Dutch painter, draughtsman and etcher. Possibly the son of the glass painter Claes Pietersz. van der Meulen (1642–93), he was already drawing and making watercolours, as can be seen from works dated 1698/9 now in Rotterdam (Mus. Boymans–van Beuningen) and Amsterdam (Rijksmus.), before joining the Alkmaar painters’ guild in 1700. About then he designed and etched a series of 16 prints, published by Petrus Schenck (1660–1713) in Amsterdam under the title Navigiorum aedificatio. This title only partly covers the scope of the images: besides the building of a ship, from the laying of the keel to the heeling over, the illustrations show how a ship is fitted out and launched, how it sustains damage during a sea battle, how it is driven ashore and the final sadness of being towed to a breaker’s yard. The series is unique, although a similar plan underlies a series of 17 prints etched by ...


Richard C. Mühlberger

(b Dordrecht, March 4, 1710; d The Hague, May 7, 1792).

Dutch painter, glass engraver, printmaker, collector and dealer. He studied with the Dordrecht artist Adriaen van der Burg (1693–1733) from c. 1725 until van der Burg’s death. On 16 October 1733 he began entries in the first of two professional diaries (Dordrecht, Mus. van Gijn) that record in unusual detail the activities of his career until 16 November 1753. In 1733 he took on his first pupil. He taught regularly for the rest of his life: among his pupils were Jan van Os, Joris Ponse (1723–83), Wouter Dam (c. 1726–c. 1785), Gerrit Malleyn (1753–1816), Nicolaas Muys (1740–1808), Jacobus Perkois (1756–1804) and his own great-nephew, the marine painter Martinus Schouman (1770–1848).

In 1736 Schouman became one of the founder-members of the Dordrecht Brotherhood of St Luke, a private society formed for the discussion of art. He gave an exhibition there and was official engraver to the Brotherhood. He also belonged to drinking and debating clubs, and through them and the Brotherhood he met many of the prominent citizens of Dordrecht. In ...