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Phylis Floyd

French term used to describe a range of European borrowings from Japanese art. It was coined in 1872 by the French critic, collector and printmaker Philippe Burty ‘to designate a new field of study—artistic, historic and ethnographic’, encompassing decorative objects with Japanese designs (similar to 18th-century Chinoiserie), paintings of scenes set in Japan, and Western paintings, prints and decorative arts influenced by Japanese aesthetics. Scholars in the 20th century have distinguished japonaiserie, the depiction of Japanese subjects or objects in a Western style, from Japonisme, the more profound influence of Japanese aesthetics on Western art.

There has been wide debate over who was the first artist in the West to discover Japanese art and over the date of this discovery. According to Bénédite, Félix Bracquemond first came under the influence of Japanese art after seeing the first volume of Katsushika Hokusai’s Hokusai manga (‘Hokusai’s ten thousand sketches’, 1814) at the printshop of ...

Article

Magot  

Gordon Campbell

Literally a Barbary ape, but used in a transferred sense to denote a grotesque Chinese or Japanese figurine (typically in porcelain or ivory) represented in a sitting position.

S. Situ: Le magot de Chine: Ou Trésor du symbolisme chinois: A la recherche du symbolisme dans les motifs de ‘chinoiseries’ (Paris, 2001)...

Article

Mingqi  

Gordon Campbell

Chinese funerary wares made from the Han dynasty (206 bcad 220) onward. Most are low-fired ceramic figurines, but there are also models of furniture and household possessions in bronze and pewter.

J. P. Desroches: ‘Trois acquisitions exceptionnelles au muséee national des Arts asiatiques-Guimet: Les sculptures du royaume de Chu (Ve–IIIe siècle av. J.-C.)’, ...