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Pál Voit

Hungarian family of masons and architects. Andreas [András] Mayerhoffer (b Salzburg, 1690; d Pest, 1771) was for a long time Master of the Guild of Masons, Stone-dressers and Carpenters in Pest. He was an active master mason whose name is recorded as early as 1702. Only one surviving work, however, can be authenticated with certainty, the small Péterffy Palace (1755; now a restaurant, Százéves vendéglő) in Pest. It is a two-storey, seven-bay block with atlantids flanking the central doorway and supporting a balcony. The window heads are picked out with Rococo decoration. Mayerhoffer was formerly believed to be the architect of the church of the Pauline Order (1722–42; now the university church) in Pest and the palace (1744–7; altered after 1867) for Graf Antal Grassalkovich (1694–1771) at Gödöllő and was therefore considered the greatest Hungarian architect of the first half of the 18th century. It now appears, however, that he was involved only in minor technical aspects of the construction process. Establishing the extent of his oeuvre is difficult because of his close and documented association with his talented sons ...

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Ramón Alfonso Méndez Brignardello

(b Santiago, 1829; d Valparaíso, 1890).

Chilean architect. His father was unknown and his mother a humble laundress who made great efforts in order to educate her son. He began working for a cabinetmaker at the age of 13 and then joined a drawing class for craftsmen at the Instituto Nacional, Santiago. There were few professional architects in Chile at that time, and he was commissioned at the age of 18 to design the Casa de Orates building. Vivaceta Rupio joined the first architecture class of the Frenchman Claude François Brunet-Debaines (1788–1855), who had been contracted by the Chilean government. His fellow pupil Ricardo Brown and he were the first architects to be trained in Chile. As a result of his assiduity and determination, he was selected by Brunet-Debaines to complete outstanding works when the contract expired. Working in the 19th-century Neo-classical tradition, with some gestures towards the neo-Gothic, Vivaceta Rupio rebuilt the towers of several Santiago churches and built several private houses and the church and convent of Carmen Alto. He contributed to repairs to the cathedral of Santiago and collaborated with ...