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Graham Reynolds

(b Penshurst, Kent, Nov 30, 1554; d Zutphen, nr Arnhem, Oct 17, 1586).

English statesman, soldier, poet and writer. He was the son of Sir Henry Sidney, who served three terms as Lord Deputy of Ireland. While still in his teens, Philip Sidney travelled for three years in Europe, witnessing the St Bartholomew’s Eve massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572 and visiting Germany, Austria and Italy under the guidance of the Huguenot statesman Hubert Languet (1518–81). The medallist Antonio Abondio the younger (?1538–91) made his portrait (untraced); in 1574 he sat in Venice to Paolo Veronese, whom he had chosen in preference to Domenico Tintoretto. This painting was sent to Languet, who thought it made Sidney look too young and too sad; it has since disappeared, and his main surviving portrait, by John de Critz (version, Penshurst Place, Kent), is of lesser note. There is also a well-known portrait (London, N.P.G.) by an unknown artist. On a subsequent journey in ...