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Suzanne Tise

Descriptive term applied to a style of decorative arts that was widely disseminated in Europe and the USA during the 1920s and 1930s. Derived from the style made popular by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925, the term has been used only since the late 1960s, when there was a revival of interest in the decorative arts of the early 20th century. Since then the term ‘Art Deco’ has been applied to a wide variety of works produced during the inter-war years, and even to those of the German Bauhaus. But Art Deco was essentially of French origin, and the term should, therefore, be applied only to French works and those from countries directly influenced by France.

The development of the Art Deco style, or the Style moderne as it was called at the time, closely paralleled the initiation of the 1925...

Article

Leonard R. Griffin

(b Tunstall, Staffs, Jan 20, 1899; d Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs, Oct 23, 1972).

English potter and designer. She left school in 1912 to work as a pottery apprentice at Lingard, Webster & Co. and in 1916 joined A. J. Wilkinson Ltd near Burslem. Noticing her talent for modelling, the director, Colley Shorter (1882–1963), let her work beside his designers and financed her for a two-month course at the Royal College of Art in London in 1927. Inspired by the experience, Cliff persuaded Shorter to let her decorate ware with a small team at the recently acquired Newport Pottery. Wilkinson’s had acquired thousands of pieces of old-fashioned earthenwares from the Newport Pottery, and Cliff’s team hand-painted them with brightly coloured, geometric patterns. Cliff named the ware ‘Bizarre’ in January 1928, and it was a success by October of the same year. She then produced her most famous and popular design, ‘Crocus’, which features flowers between brown and yellow bands. From then, all Cliff’s ware was stamped with: ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1895; d 1964).

French designer. He worked primarily in ceramics, but also designed for glass and gold. His ceramics, in an Art Deco style, were manufactured in Limoges (see Limoges §2), Creil and in Sept-Fontaine (by Villeroy & Boch). In the 1920s he created (with Marcel Goupy) an elegant table service for Sèvres Porcelain Factory, and in the early 1930s he designed a porcelain service called ‘Normandie’. In ...