Technique of employing a point, or small dot, of colour to create the maximum colour intensity in a Neo-Impressionist canvas. While Neo-Impressionism suggests both the style created by Georges Seurat and the ensuing movement that flourished between 1886 and 1906, Pointillism denotes only the technique. Seurat favoured the term ‘chromo-luminarism’, which conveys his dual interest in intensifying the effect of colour and light. Seurat’s chief disciple, Paul Signac, in his book D’Eugène Delacroix au Néo-Impressionnisme (Paris, 1899), offered an alternative term to Pointillism or chromo-luminarism: Divisionism. Divisionism refers to the separation of colour into individual strokes of pigment, in accord with colour theories, rather than to the points themselves.
Colour interaction, §1(ix): Principal colour studies: Optical mixture
Light, §4(iii): History of light in Western painting, 19th–20th centuries
Perception, §I, 1: Matching picture and scene: Colour
Pissarro: (1) Camille Pissarro, §1: Life and painted work
Seurat, Georges, §1: Life and work...