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Ampulla  

Gordon Campbell

[ampul]

Small vessel, usually made of glass, used in ancient Rome and later in the Western church, for holding consecrated oil, or for other sacred uses.

V. Ascani: ‘Ampolla’, Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale, 1 (Rome, 1991), pp. 524–6C. Lambert and P. Pedemonte Demeglio: ‘Ampolle devozionali ed itinerari di pellegrinaggio tra IV e VII secolo’, Antiquité tardive: Revue internationale d’histoire et d’archéologie, 2 (1994), pp. 205–31W. Anderson: ‘An Archaeology of Late Antique Pilgrim Flasks’, Anatolian Studies: Journal of the British Institute at Ankara, 54 (2004), pp. 79–93G. Frank: ‘“Loca Sancta” Souvenirs and the Art of Memory’, Pèlerinages et lieux saints dans l’antiquité et le moyen âge: Mélanges offerts à Pierre Maraval: 2006, ed. B. Caseau, J.-C. Cheynet and V. Déroche (Paris, 2006), pp. 193–201S. Bangert: ‘Menas Ampullae: A Case Study of Long-Distance Contacts’, Incipient Globalization?: Long-Distance Contacts in the Sixth Century, ed. A. Harris, Reading Medieval Studies, 32; Brit. Archaeol. Rep., Int. Ser., 1644 (Oxford, 2007), pp. 27–33...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Product of a technique first used in ancient Egypt and later developed in ancient Rome. The outer of two superimposed layers of glass was ground away to leave a pattern consisting of a pattern standing in relief on a contrasting ground, usually white on dark blue. The finest surviving example is the Portland Vase (early 1st cent. ...

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Article

Crystal  

Gordon Campbell

[crystal-glass; Ger. Krystallglas; It. vetro di cristallo]

Colourless glass with a high degree of transparency achieved by ther admixture of manganese to the Frit. It is normally used for glass vessels, decanters and wine glasses, and is often cut. The technique was known in ancient Rome and rediscovered in 15th-century Venice, from where it was transmitted all over Europe....