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(b Paris, July 27, 1672; d Paris, March 13, 1742).

French architect, designer and illustrator. He was in the first rank of architects during the great period of interior decoration in France during the first half of the 18th century. Appointed by the Duc d’Orléans as his chief architect and designer during the Regency (1715–23), Oppenord was in a position to wield a strong influence on the development of the Rococo style.

His father, who had moved to France from the Netherlands, was employed as an ébeniste ordinaire du roi, and from 1684 the family occupied an apartment in the Louvre. Oppenord studied briefly with Jules Hardouin Mansart, but his principal education as an architect and designer took place in Italy. As a protégé of the Surintendant des Bâtiments, Edouard Colbert (1629–99), the Marquis de Villacerf, Oppenord was sent to Rome in 1692 to be attached to the Académie de France there, initially for two years, although his stay was extended and in ...


(b Basle, Jan 4, 1740; d Töss, nr Winterthur, Aug 6, 1806).

Swiss watercolourist, draughtsman, etcher and illustrator. His father was the landscape painter and engraver Johann Ulrich Schellenburg (1709–95), and his maternal grandfather was the painter Johann-Rudolf Huber. In 1748 the family returned to Winterthur, where Schellenburg attended his father’s art school. From 1763 to 1764 he lived in Basle, where he produced portraits and Bauernstücklein (small rural pictures). After his return to Winterthur in 1774, he worked extensively as a draughtsman and etcher. At the same time he continued to work as an illustrator, undertaking commissions for publishers in Switzerland and Germany. These included Johann Kasper Lavater’s Physiognomische Fragmente (Winterthur, 1775–8) and work in the specialist area of entomology in Helvetische Entomologie (Zurich, 1798) and Archiv für Insektengeschichte (Zurich and Winterthur, 1781).

In addition to scientific illustrations, Schellenburg produced engravings of Swiss costumes and folklore, as in Recueil de XXIV différens costumes de la ville et du canton du Basle...