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Arita  

Hiroko Nishida

Region in Japan, now part of Saga Prefecture, and the name of a type of porcelain first produced there during the early Edo period (1600–1868). The ware was originally known as Imari yaki (‘Imari ware’) because it was shipped from the port of Imari (Saga Prefect.). During the Meiji period (1868–1912) porcelain was produced throughout the country. The need to distinguish it from other porcelain wares led to the use of the name Arita (Arita yaki). As a result, the names Imari and Arita wares were used interchangeably. In the West, Arita porcelain was known by several names, including Imari, Amari, Old Japan and Kakiemon (see Japan, §IX, 3, (iii)).

Porcelain production is said to have begun in Japan in 1616, when the Korean ceramicist Ri Sanpei [Jap. Kanagae Sanbei] (1579–1655), who had been brought to Japan after Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s invasions of Korea (...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Region in northern England known for its pottery production. Pottery has been made on the banks of the river Tyne to the west of Newcastle since the early 18th century. By 1827 there were at least 20 potteries producing household wares (especially Willow pattern plates), and a smaller number making tiles. In the 19th century the most important firms were Thomas Fell & Co. (1817–90) and C. T. Maling and Sons (c. 1850–1963); Maling replicas are now produced by Ringtons Ceramics, and New Castle Delft operates in the buildings of the Maling pottery. In the 20th century the most prominent pottery was Adams & Co., which was founded in 1880 as a manufacturer of toilets and sinks, and from 1904 to 1975 made art pottery (notably Art Nouveau pottery) that it sold as ‘Adamesk’.

R. C. Bell and M. A. V. Gill: The Potteries of Tyneside...