French town in Bouches-du-Rhône, c. 25 km from the Mediterranean coast and c. 25 km from Nîmes. It lies on a ridge south of a bend in the River Rhône.
Originally a Greek settlement, it was refounded with the name Arelate in 46
The walls were among the first structures of Arelate; the east gate was interrupted by the foundations of a new building constructed above. Much broken early Imperial sculpture, no doubt from the forum, was deposited there. Two columns of the building with an arcaded entablature remain as part of the structures in the modern Place du Forum.
The theatre and the amphitheatre are both well preserved. The theatre was built soon after the colony was founded, probably early in the reign of Augustus (...