[Toyotomi Kiminobu; Sekinan Shōja; Tameushi (Igyū)]
(b Kyoto, 1795; d Kyoto, 1859).
Japanese painter and poet. He was an official painter for the imperial court in Kyoto, a waka (31-syllable form) poet and a fervent loyalist, supporting the re-establishment of imperial rule against the Tokugawa shogunate. Ikkei was active at the close of the Edo period (1600–1868). He expressed his political opinions in his paintings, which, though closely modelled on Yamatoe paintings of the Heian (794–1185) and Kamakura (1185–1333) periods (see Japan §VI 3., (iii)), included explicit satires on the contemporary political scene. As a result of his paintings and a speech he wrote questioning the future of the country, he was imprisoned in 1858. Released in 1859, he died shortly afterwards from an illness he had contracted in prison.
Ikkei studied painting under Tanaka Totsugen (1760–1823), founder of the Fukko Yamatoe (‘Yamatoe revival’) movement. Ikkei’s painting style is close to Totsugen’s, being modelled after earlier ...