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N. A. Yevsina

( Grigor’yevich )

(b Moscow, 1686/8; d St Petersburg, Sept 28, 1743).

Russian architect, teacher and theorist . He was a pupil of Domenico Trezzini (from 1710) and then his assistant at the Ministry of Municipal Affairs in St Petersburg. He supervised the completion (1719–22), to plans by Niccolò Michetti, of the Yekaterinental Palace at Reval, where he also carried out the elaborate decoration of the White Hall and laid out the park. His Hall for Glorious Ceremonials (1725; destr.), designed to house relics of Russia’s victories in the Northern War, combined Neo-classical and Baroque features. Working in the German–Dutch style of Baltic Baroque, Zemtsov designed the church of SS Simeon and Anna (1730–34) on Mokhovaya Street and the cathedral of Prince Vladimir (1741–7; built by Pietro Trezzini, b 1710; now on Dobrolyubov Prospect). These all played an important role in the townscape of the city. While echoing the traditional Russian pattern of a church linked to a refectory and with a belfry surmounting the west entrance, Zemtsov proposed for the interiors an unusually spacious basilica with a long nave, aisles and a transept. In his design for the cathedral of the Trinity (...

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Wanda Kemp-Welch

(b Oct 2, 1898; d Kraków, Nov 24, 1967).

Polish architect, teacher and theorist . He studied architecture at Warsaw Technical University (1920–27) and taught architectural design there (1928–39). One of the best-known architects in Poland in the 1930s, he was influenced by the work of Le Corbusier and his buildings made use of the latest modern building technology. He built many luxury blocks of flats in Warsaw in the International Style, consistently applying Le Corbusier’s ‘five points of a new architecture’, including the use of columns to allow flexible internal planning, continuous horizontal bands of windows and flat roofs designed for recreation. The disciplined rhythm of windows contrasted with the curved forms of entrance halls and caretakers’ flats he designed at ground level beneath his buildings. Examples of this work include blocks at 3 Przyjaciół Avenue (1937) and 34–36 Mickiewicza Street (1937–9), both in Warsaw. In his Wedel House (1936–7...