(b Manhufe, Nov 14, 1887; d Espinho, July 6, 1918).
Portuguese painter and draughtsman. In Paris from 1906, he frequented the académies libres. After producing caricature drawings, he began painting small landscapes. In 1911–12 his style approached that of Modigliani, whom he knew and with whom he exhibited in 1911. He was also impressed by the luxuriant orientalism of the Ballets Russes. His drawings at the time were linear and decorative, with medieval and heraldic references.
In 1912–13 these early influences gave way to that of Cubism, which henceforth provided the structure of Amadeo’s works. In 1913 his works were included in the Armory Show and the Sturm Gallery in Berlin.
In 1912 he met the Delaunays and under their influence colour became increasingly important, for example in Study B (1913; Lisbon, Mus. Gulbenkian). In Horsemen (1913; Paris, Pompidou) the figures are a pretext for the interplay of coloured arcs. His exploration of abstraction, however, was shortlived. The landscapes painted in the summer of ...