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John Walker Myers

(b Francestown, NH, March 9, 1832; d Granby, CT, July 30, 1928).

American painter. He began his career as a portrait painter in Boston, MA, but moved to New York in 1852 to enrol in antique and life classes at the National Academy of Design; he first exhibited there in 1855. During his studies he turned to landscape painting, becoming a successful member of the second generation of the Hudson River school. Such wilderness and marine paintings as Autumnal Snow on Mt Washington (1856; Poughkeepsie, NY, Vassar Coll., Frances Lehman Loeb A. Cent.) combine precise foreground detail with a more painterly realism in the middle- and background, following the Hudson River tradition. Inspired by the American Pre-Raphaelite movement, Shattuck produced a number of carefully observed nature studies including Leaf Study with Yellow Swallowtail (c. 1859; Santa Barbara, CA, Jo Ann and Julian Ganz jr priv. col.). Many of his works also reveal a knowledge of the Luminist aesthetic, with its concentration on soft, lyrical light and colour and a quiet, poetic evocation of nature. During the 1870s Shattuck’s subject-matter shifted from wilderness to pastoral themes, reflecting the growing taste in America for the mood of Barbizon school pictures. Because of his discontent with the art world and a dissatisfaction with his own work, complicated by a serious illness, Shattuck stopped painting in ...

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Mark W. Sullivan

(b Dublin, 1792; d Ireland, c. 1864).

American painter of Irish birth. He arrived in New York in 1812, already well-trained as an artist and soon became famous for his sensitive watercolour views of the Hudson River Valley and environs ( see fig. ). Some of these watercolours were published as engravings by John Hill and his son John William Hill in the Hudson River Portfolio (New York, 1821–5), the first book to make Americans aware of the beauty and sublimity of their own scenery. Wall is often seen as a forerunner or early member of the Hudson River school . Good examples of his work are the Covered Bridge across the Sacandaga River, Hadley, New York (1820; New York, NY Hist. Soc.) and the View near Hudson (1822; Yonkers, NY, Hudson River Mus.). Wall was a founder-member of the National Academy of Design , New York, and exhibited frequently at such institutions as the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, and the Apollo Association, New York. He lived in America from ...

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Anthony F. Janson

(b nr Springfield, OH, May 22, 1820; d Summit, NJ, Feb 25, 1910).

American painter. With little education but with a longing to be an artist, he went at the age of 17 to Cincinnati, OH, where he served an apprenticeship as a sign painter to his brother-in-law Almon Baldwin (1800–70). In the summer of 1842 Whittredge opened a daguerreotype studio in Indianapolis, IN, but left the following summer when it proved an unsuccessful venture. He then joined B. Jenks to work as a portrait painter in Charleston, WV, but dissolved the arrangement because of his partner’s alcoholism. Thereafter Whittredge decided to concentrate on landscapes, though he is documented as having painted some earlier. His first surviving landscape, Scene near Hawk’s Nest (1845; Cincinnati, OH, A. Mus.), is in the picturesque manner of the Hudson River school painter Thomas Doughty. A year later he adopted the style of Thomas Cole, as did William Lewis Sonntag, with whom he defined a distinctive regional style. Around the same time Whittredge began painting directly from nature. ...