[ Matthäus ; Matthes ]
(b Kiel, c. 1554; d Augsburg, Jan 10, 1632).
German goldsmith. With his extensive surviving oeuvre of around 80 authenticated works, he is one of the most renowned goldsmiths of Augsburg. Embossed and cast-silver and silver-gilt reliefs, plaquettes and ornamental mountings, applied to small pieces of ebony furniture, were a speciality of his workshop ( see fig. ). He mostly produced devotional and ecclesiastical objects, especially small altarpieces and reliquaries, for predominantly Catholic patrons (he himself was a Protestant). Less numerous are such secular luxury items as ornamental cabinets and jewellery caskets and, still fewer, examples of silver sculpture (e.g. automaton table decorations).
In 1569 Walbaum began a six-year apprenticeship under the goldsmith Hans von Tegelen I (master in 1546) in Lübeck, and from before 1579 he worked as a journeyman for at least five Augsburg goldsmiths, including Isaak Sal (master c. 1580–1612). He sometimes worked illegally, as was the case when he executed work for the Bavarian ducal court, commissioned by the court artist ...