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Madeleine Rocher-Jauneau

(b Lyon, Feb 12, 1756; d Lyon, June 20, 1813).

French sculptor. He was the son of a silk merchant and trained under the painter Donat Nonotte at the Ecole Royale de Dessin in Lyon. He then worked with the local sculptor Barthélemy Blaise (1738–1819). In 1772 he assisted Blaise with the restoration of the sculptures on the façade of the Hôtel de Ville. By 1780 he was working independently and received a commission from the canons of St Paul for chalk statues of St Paul, St Sacerdos and the Four Evangelists (all destr. 1793–4). He subsequently made stone statues of St Bruno and St John the Baptist (partially destr.) for the Charterhouse at Selignac, near Bourg-en-Bresse. In 1784, thanks to the patronage of the Lyonnais official Jean-Marie Delafont de Juis, Chinard was able to go to Rome, where he remained until 1787. There he studied the art of antiquity but seems not to have had any contact with Antonio Canova, the most influential Neo-classical sculptor in the city. In ...


Y. de la Genardière

(b Bussières, nr Lyon, Sept 22, 1793; d Paris, Nov 19, 1863).

French sculptor. He began his career as a self-taught wood-carver, going on in 1813 to study sculpture in Lyon with Joseph Chinard and then with Joseph-Charles Marin. In 1817 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris as a pupil of François-Frédéric Lemot. He first exhibited at the Salon in 1819 and from 1823 was in Rome for three years, his study of antique sculpture there confirming the stylistic predisposition of his Neo-classical training. In Rome he produced the model for his statue of Spartacus (marble; Paris, Louvre), which, when exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1830, aroused the enthusiasm of critics as well as of the public: the gladiator breaking his chains became the symbol of the revolution of that year. This success gained him many commissions for monumental sculpture, including marble statues of Faith (1830; Paris, Notre-Dame-de-Lorette), Prudence (1834; Paris, Pal.-Bourbon), Cincinnatus (1834; Paris, Jard. Tuileries) and ...